VIDEHA:17:1:मैथिली : विदेह: पहिल बेर ब्रेलमे

'⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ०१ ⠎⠻⠞⠈⠍⠃⠗ २००८ ( ⠧⠈⠗⠯ ⠍⠱⠎ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ १७ ) ⠳⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻:-

     

 ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠱⠈⠩⠗⠽ ⠴⠱ '⠗⠱⠍⠗⠊⠛' (१९२८- ) ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ' ⠐⠗⠘⠻⠝⠧ ⠘⠱⠞⠨⠈⠼⠫⠄' ⠚⠻⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠇⠄⠇⠲

१.⠎⠊⠏⠱⠙⠅⠻⠽ २.⠎⠊⠙⠄⠩

३.⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠗⠻⠏⠇⠈⠗⠞⠱⠚-

⠚⠻⠞⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠴⠱ ⠗⠻⠏⠇⠈⠗⠾⠻⠊⠛-(⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠏⠗ ⠧⠻⠩⠄⠯)- ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠗⠻⠏⠇⠈⠗⠞⠱⠚- ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ (⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠘⠱⠗⠞⠅) ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇  ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠎⠱⠍⠱⠚⠻⠅- ⠂⠈⠗⠹⠻⠅- ⠗⠱⠚⠝⠻⠞⠻⠅- ⠎⠱⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞⠻⠅ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗⠲ ⠇⠈⠝⠙⠝⠎⠌ ⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻⠅ ⠗⠻⠏⠇⠈⠗⠾

४. ⠛⠈⠙⠽ -

⠅⠹⠱  1.⠩⠈⠍⠘⠃ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ 2. ⠐⠗⠝⠇⠅⠱⠊⠞

⠇⠣⠂⠅⠹⠱ १. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠩⠽⠱⠍ ⠎⠂⠈⠝⠙⠗ "⠩⠩⠻" २. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠍⠝⠇⠚ ⠅⠈⠩⠽⠏

⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠍⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓  ⠃⠻⠎⠍ ⠩⠞⠱⠈⠃⠙⠻⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽

⠽⠱⠽⠱⠧⠗⠻- ⠅⠅⠇⠱⠎ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗ ⠔⠏⠈⠝⠽⠱⠎ ⠎⠓⠈⠎⠗⠃⠱⠐⠻⠝⠻ (⠂⠛⠱⠌)⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻⠅ ⠙⠅⠝⠻⠅⠻

⠩⠇⠮ ⠇⠄⠨:⠓⠗⠻⠍⠇⠓⠝ ⠴⠱ ⠎⠍⠈⠛⠗ ⠚⠻⠞⠍⠇⠓⠝ ⠴⠱-⠍⠓⠻⠇⠱-⠈⠎⠞⠊⠘

⠅⠇⠎⠻ ⠛⠈⠙⠽ (⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠏⠗ ⠧⠻⠩⠄⠯)1.⠫⠭ ⠛⠊⠛⠄⠩ ⠛⠂⠈⠒⠚⠝ 2. ⠎⠂⠩⠱⠊⠞ ⠴⠱ 3. ⠃⠻.⠅⠄.⠅⠈⠗⠼. 4. ⠩⠈⠅⠞⠻ ⠩⠄⠨⠗ 5. ⠌⠍⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩ ⠴⠱

५.⠏⠈⠙⠽

१.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠻⠈⠞⠗⠝⠱⠹ ⠴⠱ .२. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠩⠈⠍⠘⠃ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ ३.⠧⠻⠝⠻⠞ ⠔⠈⠞⠏⠇ ४.⠧⠻⠈⠎⠍⠍⠞ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠈⠎⠧. ⠗⠱⠍⠚⠻ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻ (१८७८-१९५२)

१. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠛⠊⠛⠄⠩ ⠛⠂⠊⠚⠝    २.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠧⠅⠅⠂⠈⠼⠺ ⠴⠱ ३. ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠍⠞⠻ ⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻ ⠴⠱ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻

⠏⠊⠅⠚ ⠏⠗⠱⠩⠗ ⠩⠅⠇⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠍⠇⠓⠝ ⠴⠱

⠍⠓⠱⠅⠱⠈⠧⠽ ⠍⠓⠱⠘⠱⠗⠞ (⠂⠛⠱⠌) ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩ ⠴⠱

⠅⠇⠎⠻ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ (⠃⠱⠿⠻⠏⠗ ⠧⠻⠩⠄⠯)-⠈⠎⠧.⠗⠱⠍⠅⠍⠈⠯⠼ ⠴⠱ ⠅⠻⠎⠂⠝, ⠧⠻⠝⠻⠞ ⠔⠈⠞⠏⠇, ⠅⠇⠎⠻ ⠇⠇⠅⠛⠻⠞.

६. ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱ ⠅⠇⠱-⠎⠊⠛⠻⠞(⠂⠛⠱⠌)

७.⠏⠱⠃⠝⠻-⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠱⠗-⠞⠻⠈⠗⠹ -⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠖⠂⠈⠇⠇ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ "⠍⠉⠝" ⠂⠁ ⠝⠃⠞⠝ ⠴⠱

८. ⠍⠓⠻⠇⠱-⠈⠎⠞⠊⠘- ⠅⠈⠝⠽⠱ ⠈⠘⠗⠃⠼ ⠓⠈⠞⠽⠱, ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠍⠞⠻⠅ ⠎⠊⠛ ⠨⠻⠇⠧⠱⠗- ⠚⠻⠞⠍⠇⠓⠝ ⠴⠱

९. ⠃⠱⠇⠱⠝⠱⠊ ⠅⠍⠞⠄-

१०. ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠃⠊⠮  (⠂⠛⠱⠌)  ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻-⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠱⠓⠅ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠧⠻⠈⠙⠽⠱⠝⠊⠙ ⠴⠱ ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ (⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠍⠇⠓⠝⠚⠻ )

११. ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱         

१२. ⠘⠱⠯⠱⠏⠱⠅ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠇⠄⠨⠝ (⠂⠛⠱⠌)

13. VIDEHA FOR NON RESIDENT MAITHILS (Festivals of Mithila date-list)-

Videha Mithila Tirbhukti Tirhut...

The Comet-English translation of Gajendra Thakur's Maithili Novel Sahasrabadhani and  poem by Jyoti

14. VIDEHA MAITHILI SAMSKRIT EDUCATION(contd.)

       

                  

VIDEHA MITHILA MAITHIL MAITHILI NEWS SERVICE

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American Chronicle -  Lalu Prashad Yadav now in Land scam !

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  ⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠍⠈⠯⠺ ⠏⠗ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠎⠌ ⠎⠊⠃⠊⠮⠻⠞ ⠎⠱⠜⠾ ⠎⠘⠍⠄ ⠞⠱⠅⠃ (⠅⠇⠈⠯⠺⠅⠍⠄ ⠙⠄⠧⠝⠱⠛⠗⠻, ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠈⠅⠯⠗ ⠅⠻⠊⠧⠱ ⠗⠇⠍⠝⠍⠄ ⠾⠱⠜⠏ ⠅⠗⠃)

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⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅⠱⠗ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠍⠉⠇⠻⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠐⠗⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ (⠚⠅⠗ ⠍⠉⠇⠻⠅⠞⠱⠅ ⠎⠊⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠔⠈⠞⠞⠗⠙⠱⠽⠻⠈⠞⠧ ⠇⠄⠨⠅ ⠛⠼⠅ ⠍⠈⠮⠽ ⠡⠈⠝⠓⠻) ggajendra@yahoo.co.in ⠂⠅⠻ ggajendra@videha.com ⠅⠄⠌ ⠍⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠾⠅⠉⠍⠄⠈⠼⠾⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠍⠄⠌ .doc, .docx, .rtf ⠧⠱ .txt ⠖⠭⠈⠗⠍⠄⠾⠍⠄ ⠏⠺⠱ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅ ⠎⠊⠛ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅⠱⠗ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠎⠊⠈⠅⠯⠻⠈⠏⠞ ⠏⠗⠻⠉⠽ ⠂⠁ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠈⠎⠅⠅⠝ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠖⠇⠾⠇ ⠏⠺⠄⠞⠱⠓, ⠎⠄ ⠂⠩⠱ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠻⠲ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠞⠍⠄ ⠾⠱⠜⠏ ⠗⠓⠽, ⠚⠄ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠍⠉⠇⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠂⠁ ⠏⠓⠻⠇ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ (⠏⠱⠈⠅⠯⠻⠅) ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠍⠄⠇ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠏⠞ ⠓⠇⠽⠃⠱⠅ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠽⠹⠱⠎⠊⠘⠧ ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ( ⠎⠱⠞ ⠙⠻⠝⠅ ⠘⠻⠞⠗) ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠅ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞⠲ ⠳⠞⠽ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠗⠉⠝⠱/⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓ ⠎⠘⠅ ⠅⠭⠏⠻⠗⠱⠜⠾ ⠇⠄⠨⠅/⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓⠅⠈⠗⠈⠞⠞⠱ ⠇⠇⠅⠝⠻⠅ ⠇⠛⠍⠄ ⠗⠓⠞⠈⠝⠓⠻, ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅/ ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞-⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠱⠙⠅ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝/ ⠂⠈⠗⠅⠱⠜⠧⠅ ⠐⠗⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠡⠅⠅⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱:(१) ⠧⠻⠈⠎⠍⠍⠞ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠈⠎⠧. ⠗⠱⠍⠚⠻ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻ (1878-1952)⠏⠗ ⠩⠇⠮-⠇⠄⠨ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠅ ⠏⠓⠻⠇ ⠐⠗⠌⠅⠍⠄ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠡⠇⠲⠞⠅⠗ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠓⠂⠝⠅⠗ ⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠙⠂⠈⠗⠛⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻, ⠈⠛⠗⠱⠍-⠗⠂⠈⠙⠗⠏⠂⠗,⠹⠱⠝⠱-⠐⠗⠊⠮⠗⠱-⠺⠱⠐⠻⠻, ⠚⠻⠇⠱-⠍⠮⠂⠃⠝⠻  ⠅⠧⠻⠚⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠏⠱⠈⠼⠫⠂⠇⠻⠏⠻ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠱⠇⠽⠅⠄⠌ ⠫⠱⠅⠎⠌ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠱⠈⠗⠹ ⠏⠺⠌⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠛⠇⠾-⠏⠉⠱⠎⠄⠅ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠍⠄ ⠝⠧⠍ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠎⠌ ⠮⠱⠗⠱⠧⠱⠓⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ' ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱:(२) '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠩⠇⠮⠅ ⠂⠮⠱⠗ ⠏⠗ १.⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻-⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻  ⠩⠈⠃⠙ ⠅⠇⠩ २.⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻-⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠩⠈⠃⠙ ⠅⠇⠩ ⠂⠁ ३.⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠈⠅⠯⠗⠎⠌ ⠙⠄⠧⠝⠱⠛⠗⠻ ⠏⠱⠈⠼⠫⠂⠇⠻⠏⠻ ⠇⠻⠈⠏⠽⠱⠈⠝⠞⠗⠼-⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻-⠈⠏⠗⠃⠈⠝⠮ ⠫⠱⠾⠱⠃⠄⠩ ⠈⠩⠗⠂⠞⠻ ⠏⠈⠃⠇⠻⠅⠄⠩⠝ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠈⠝⠾ ⠖⠭⠈⠗⠍⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠅ ⠂⠈⠛⠗⠓ ⠈⠎⠧⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠅⠳ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠏⠂⠈⠎⠞⠅-⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠏⠞⠻⠅ ⠧⠻⠮⠻⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠏⠇⠹⠻⠅ ⠍⠃⠈⠇⠽⠅ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠍⠈⠯⠺ ⠏⠗ ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱:(३) '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠮⠱⠗⠱⠧⠱⠓⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱' ⠗⠓⠇ ⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗⠅  '⠎⠓⠈⠎⠗⠃⠱⠐⠻⠝⠻'(⠔⠏⠈⠝⠽⠱⠎), '⠛⠈⠇⠏-⠛⠂⠈⠉⠡'(⠅⠹⠱ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓) , '⠘⠱⠇⠎⠗⠻' (⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓), '⠃⠱⠇⠱⠝⠱⠊ ⠅⠍⠞⠄', '⠳⠅⠱⠈⠬⠅⠻ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓', '⠍⠓⠱⠘⠱⠗⠞' '⠃⠂⠈⠙⠮ ⠉⠗⠻⠞' (⠍⠓⠱⠅⠱⠈⠧⠽)⠂⠁ '⠽⠱⠈⠞⠗⠱ ⠧⠍⠈⠞⠞⠱⠊⠞' ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠍⠄ ⠎⠊⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠊⠾ ⠖⠭⠈⠗⠍⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠓⠇⠳⠞⠲ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠅⠅, ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝ ⠞⠻⠹⠻⠅, ⠏⠂⠈⠎⠞⠅-⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠏⠞⠻⠅ ⠧⠻⠮⠻⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠏⠇⠹⠻⠅ ⠍⠃⠈⠇⠽⠅ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠍⠈⠯⠺ ⠏⠗ ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ (४):⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱: ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠍⠱⠈⠝ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻⠅ ⠝⠱⠾⠅ "⠝⠇ ⠳⠊⠈⠾⠗⠻: ⠍⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠻⠩" ⠅⠄⠗  '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠍⠄ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠗⠃⠏ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠊⠾ ⠗⠃⠏⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠇⠄⠇ '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠅⠄⠗ ⠎⠍⠈⠅⠯ "⠈⠩⠗⠂⠞⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝" ⠅⠄⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠱⠧ ⠂⠽⠇ ⠡⠇, ⠳⠅⠗ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌⠅⠄⠌ ⠎⠃⠉⠻⠞ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠓⠈⠗⠯ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠄ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱ ⠚⠻ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠊⠾ ⠗⠃⠏ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠅ ⠈⠎⠧⠻⠅⠍⠞⠻ ⠙⠳ ⠙⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ (५): "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠅⠄⠗ २५ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ ⠚⠝⠧⠗⠻ २००९, -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠞⠌ ⠓⠇⠳⠃⠄ ⠅⠗⠞, ⠎⠊⠛⠍⠄ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠊⠾ ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠗⠼ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠝⠻⠅⠇⠞ ⠚⠱⠓⠻⠍⠄ ⠏⠂⠗⠱⠝ २४ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠅ ⠉⠂⠝⠇ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠎⠈⠍⠍⠻⠇⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱⠳⠞⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ (६): ७ ⠎⠻⠞⠈⠍⠃⠗ २००८ ⠅⠄⠌ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠊⠛⠝ ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠹⠱ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠗⠱⠍ ⠎⠄⠈⠝⠾⠗, ⠍⠈⠼⠫⠻ ⠓⠱⠔⠎, ⠝⠊ ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠱⠌⠴ ⠏⠱⠌⠉ ⠃⠚⠄⠎⠌ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠝⠱⠾⠅-⠛⠻⠞-⠎⠊⠛⠻⠞ ⠎⠊⠈⠮⠽⠱⠅ ⠂⠽⠇⠚⠝ ⠓⠇⠳⠞⠲

१५-१६ ⠎⠻⠞⠈⠍⠃⠗ २००८ ⠅⠄⠌ ⠜⠈⠝⠙⠻⠗⠱ ⠛⠱⠌⠮⠻ ⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠅⠇⠱ ⠅⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗, ⠍⠱⠝ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ ⠗⠇⠫ ⠝⠊ ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠓⠇⠐⠗⠽⠃⠇⠱ ⠃⠻⠓⠱⠗ ⠍⠓⠇⠈⠞⠎⠧⠅ ⠂⠽⠇⠚⠝ ⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠅ ⠅⠱⠗⠼ ⠐⠗⠝⠻⠈⠩⠉⠻⠞⠅⠱⠇ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠈⠎⠹⠛⠻⠞ ⠅⠳ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠍⠅⠇⠇⠗⠊⠛ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠎⠱⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞⠻⠅ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍⠅⠄⠌ ⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠄⠨⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠛⠻⠇⠱ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠈⠎⠹⠛⠻⠞ ⠅⠳ ⠙⠄⠇⠅ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ १२ ⠎⠻⠞⠈⠍⠃⠗ २००८ ⠅⠄⠌ ⠅⠇⠩⠻, ⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠧⠻⠯⠽⠏⠗ ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠹⠱ ⠗⠱⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠘⠧⠝, ⠙⠻⠝⠙⠽⠱⠇ ⠔⠏⠱⠈⠮⠽⠱⠽ ⠍⠱⠈⠗⠛, ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠎⠄⠍⠻⠝⠱⠗⠅ ⠂⠽⠇⠚⠝ ⠅⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

 

⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ (⠙⠻⠝⠱⠊⠅ ⠎⠻⠞⠈⠍⠃⠗ ⠎⠈⠝ २००८)

१.⠎⠊⠏⠱⠙⠅⠻⠽ (⠧⠈⠗⠯: ⠍⠱⠎:⠐⠗⠊⠅:१७)

⠍⠱⠈⠝⠽⠧⠗,

⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠅ ⠝⠧ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ (⠐⠗⠊⠅ १७, ⠙⠻⠝⠱⠊⠅ ⠎⠻⠞⠈⠍⠃⠗ ⠎⠈⠝ २००८) ⠏⠈⠃⠇⠻⠩ ⠘⠁ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠇⠭⠛ ⠅⠗⠃ http://www.videha.co.in |

⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠅ ⠮⠗⠞⠻ ⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠅ ⠧⠻⠘⠻⠯⠻⠅⠱⠎⠌ ⠂⠜ ⠅⠱⠈⠇⠓⠻ ⠚⠃⠴⠻ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠂⠩⠄⠈⠩⠧⠗⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝ ⠙⠻⠎⠂⠅⠱ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗ ⠞⠌ ⠃⠻⠝ ⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠅ ⠃⠗⠨⠱⠅ ⠎⠍⠽⠍⠽⠄ ⠫⠃⠍⠇ ⠗⠓⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠈⠎⠹⠻⠞⠻ १९७८-७९ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠃⠱⠙⠅ ⠡⠻⠲ ⠏⠓⠻⠝⠄ ⠌⠁ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠗⠃⠏⠎⠌ ⠔⠏⠚⠱⠥ ⠡⠇, ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠘⠱⠗⠞⠍⠄ ⠞⠾⠃⠈⠝⠮⠅ ⠐⠗⠝⠻⠽⠈⠝⠈⠞⠗⠻⠞ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠍⠱⠼⠅ ⠎⠊⠛ ⠏⠱⠝⠻⠅ ⠚⠍⠱⠧ ⠌⠞⠳ ⠩⠂⠗⠃ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗⠅ ⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠅ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗ ⠅⠓⠻⠽⠇ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠃⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠅⠓⠻⠽⠇ ⠐⠗⠃⠻⠞⠇ ⠗⠓⠳ ⠞⠌ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠙⠂⠈⠯⠈⠏⠗⠉⠱⠗ ⠚⠄ ⠎⠘⠾⠱ ⠏⠱⠝⠻ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠎⠌ ⠡⠇ड़ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠏⠱⠝⠻⠅ ⠚⠍⠱⠧ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠌⠞⠂⠈⠅⠅⠱ ⠇⠇⠅ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠝⠧ ⠎⠊⠅⠾⠎⠌ ड़⠃⠱⠅ ⠅⠇⠱ ⠎⠻⠨⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓⠲ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠍⠇⠝ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠌⠁ ⠙⠍⠈⠩⠽ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠅⠂⠩⠄⠈⠩⠧⠗⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝⠎⠌ ⠍⠓⠻⠯⠻ ⠔⠈⠛⠗⠞⠱⠗⠱⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝ ⠚⠳⠃⠱⠅ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠃⠐⠻⠻⠅ ⠎⠍⠽⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠳⠃⠱⠅ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠅⠓⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠡⠇ ⠅⠱⠗⠼ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠎⠍⠽⠍⠄ ⠝⠱⠌⠎⠌ ⠛⠄⠝⠱⠜ ⠎⠗⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠅⠓⠇ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠗⠂⠨ ⠎⠍⠽⠍⠄ ⠨⠈⠞⠞⠱, ⠉⠘⠈⠉⠉⠱⠍⠄ ⠝⠱⠌ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠉⠇⠻ ⠏⠃⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠂⠁ ड़⠅⠅ ⠓⠱⠇ ⠞⠌ ⠏⠂⠡⠃ ⠚⠂⠝⠻⠲ ⠖⠎⠻⠇⠅ ⠈⠎⠧⠗⠃⠏⠍⠄ ⠏⠗⠻⠧⠈⠗⠞⠝ ⠘⠄⠇, ⠍⠈⠞⠈⠎⠽-⠏⠱⠇⠝ ⠚⠄⠝⠱ ⠞⠄⠝⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗ ⠚⠃⠗⠙⠈⠎⠞⠻⠅ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠚⠻⠧⠝-⠅⠇⠱ ⠎⠻⠨⠇⠅⠲ ⠅⠉⠩⠻⠅⠻ ⠍⠓⠱⠗⠱⠝⠻⠅ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠃⠄⠗⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠇⠏ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠙⠂⠈⠯⠈⠏⠗⠉⠱⠗⠅⠄⠌ ⠨⠞⠍ ⠅⠳ ⠏⠱⠌⠞ ⠂⠅⠻ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠎⠄ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠚⠱⠝⠻!

⠏⠓⠻⠝⠄ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠎⠘ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠅⠇⠩⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠛⠊⠫⠅⠏⠗ ⠚⠄ ⠙⠃ ⠾⠱ ⠃⠅⠗⠱⠚ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠌⠅⠗ ⠝⠻⠽⠈⠝⠈⠞⠗⠼ ⠅⠅⠗⠱ ⠇⠛ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠝⠻⠽⠈⠝⠈⠞⠗⠼ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠃⠻⠓⠱⠗ ⠎⠗⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠚⠇ ⠎⠊⠎⠱⠮⠝ ⠧⠻⠘⠱⠛⠅ ⠇⠛ ⠂⠁ ⠳⠞⠳ ⠃⠻⠓⠱⠗ ⠎⠗⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠐⠗⠘⠻⠽⠈⠝⠞⠱⠛⠼⠅ ⠝⠻⠽⠈⠝⠈⠞⠗⠼ ⠡⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠏⠱⠝⠻ ⠡⠇ड़⠃⠱⠅ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠼⠽ ⠃⠻⠓⠱⠗ ⠎⠗⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠚⠇ ⠎⠊⠎⠱⠮⠝ ⠧⠻⠘⠱⠛⠅ ⠓⠱⠹⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ ⠓⠱⠹⠍⠄ ⠏⠱⠝⠻ ⠡⠇ड़⠃⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠞⠨⠝ ⠂⠳⠞ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠌⠞⠂⠈⠅⠅⠱ ⠂⠝ ⠮⠱⠗ ⠏⠗ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓/ ⠡⠓⠗ ⠃⠝⠞, ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠎⠄ ५० ⠎⠱⠇⠎⠌ ⠥⠏⠗ ⠘⠄⠇⠱⠅ ⠃⠱⠙⠇ ⠙⠂⠝⠃ ⠙⠄⠩⠅ ⠃⠻⠉⠍⠄ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠎⠓⠍⠞⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠡⠅⠞ ⠎⠈⠍⠘⠧ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠘⠳ ⠎⠅⠇⠲ ⠅⠻⠳⠅?

⠎⠱⠍⠽⠻⠅ ⠣⠾⠝⠱⠈⠅⠗⠍- ⠅⠇⠩⠻⠏⠗ ⠘⠻⠍⠝⠛⠗ ⠃⠅⠗⠄⠚, ⠅⠂⠩⠓⠱, ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ १९५८ ⠍⠄ ⠃⠝⠇ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠡⠓⠗⠅ ⠚⠻⠧⠝ ३० ⠃⠗⠨ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠮⠱⠗⠻⠞ ⠡⠇, ⠚⠄ १९८८ ⠍⠄ ⠃⠻⠞⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠙⠂⠝⠃ ⠙⠄⠩⠅ ⠃⠻⠉⠍⠄ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠎⠓⠍⠞⠻ ⠅⠻⠳⠅ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠃⠝⠻ ⠏⠱⠌⠇? ⠡⠓⠗⠅ ⠃⠻⠉⠍⠄ ⠚⠄ ⠗⠄⠞ ⠚⠍⠱ ⠘⠳ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠞⠅⠗⠱ ⠎⠘ ⠎⠱⠇ ⠓⠾⠱⠌⠇ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠱⠗⠼ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠅⠳⠇⠱⠎⠌ ⠌⠅⠗ ⠃⠻⠉⠍⠄ ⠥⠊⠉⠱⠊ ⠃⠐⠻⠅⠞ ⠚⠱⠳⠞, ⠞⠨⠝ ⠎⠘ ⠎⠱⠇ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠮⠅ ⠥⠌⠉⠱⠊ ⠃⠐⠻⠱⠃⠳ ड़⠞⠲  ⠳⠓⠻ ⠎⠱⠇ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽ ⠎⠍⠽⠎⠌ ⠅⠻⠳⠅ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠩⠂⠗⠃ ⠘⠄⠇? ⠖⠄⠗ ⠩⠂⠗⠃ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠃⠗⠨⠱, १८ ⠐⠗⠛⠈⠎⠞⠅⠄⠌ ⠅⠇⠩⠻ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠮⠍⠄ ⠍⠻⠾⠗ ⠙⠗⠱⠗⠻ ⠂⠃⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ १९८७ . ⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻ ⠓⠍ ⠂⠌⠨⠻⠎⠌ ⠙⠄⠨⠝⠄ ⠡⠻⠲ ⠴⠊⠴⠱⠗⠏⠂⠗ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠮ ⠇⠛ ⠏⠱⠝⠻ ⠴⠴⠱ ⠙⠄⠇⠅, ⠌⠧⠗⠈⠖⠇⠇ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠳⠅ ⠺⠱⠍⠎⠌, ⠂⠁ ⠂⠌⠨⠻⠅ ⠎⠇⠴⠱⠌ ⠓⠍ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠓⠂⠌ ⠚⠄ ⠅⠇⠝⠱ ⠞⠅⠗ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠍⠻⠾⠗⠅ ⠅⠾⠱⠧ ⠅⠻⠇⠇⠍⠻⠾⠗⠍⠄ ⠃⠙⠇⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ २७-२८ ⠐⠗⠛⠈⠎⠞ २००८ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠘⠻⠍⠝⠛⠗ ⠃⠅⠗⠄⠚⠅ ⠅⠾⠱⠧ ⠅⠻⠇⠇⠍⠻⠾⠗ ⠘⠳ ⠉⠂⠅⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠂⠁ ⠅⠗⠼ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠅⠇⠩⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠍⠂⠈⠨⠽ ⠮⠱⠗⠎⠌ ⠓⠾⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠝⠧ ⠮⠱⠗ ⠏⠅ड़⠃⠱⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠊⠉⠇⠅ ⠎⠊⠛ ⠃⠻⠓⠱⠗⠅ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠊⠉⠇⠅⠄⠌ ⠞⠓⠎ ⠝⠓⠎ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠅⠲ ⠝⠱⠎⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠛⠈⠎⠞ २००८ ⠂⠁ २४ ⠐⠗⠛⠈⠎⠞ २००८ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗ ⠅⠉⠩⠻⠅⠻⠅ ⠝⠧ ⠂⠁ ⠏⠂⠗⠱⠝ ⠮⠱⠗⠅ ⠃⠻⠉ २०० ⠅⠻⠇⠇⠍⠻⠾⠗⠅ ⠙⠃⠗⠻ ⠙⠄⠨⠱ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠘⠻⠍⠝⠛⠗ ⠃⠅⠗⠄⠚ ⠂⠃ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠅⠇⠩⠻⠅ ⠎⠓⠱⠽⠅ ⠮⠱⠗⠅ ⠥⠏⠗ ⠃⠝⠇ ⠃⠅⠗⠄⠚ ⠃⠝⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠲

 

⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠂⠏⠙⠱: ⠚⠱⠓⠻ ⠗⠱⠈⠚⠽⠍⠄ ⠂⠏⠙⠱ ⠐⠗⠃⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠎⠄ ⠅⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠎⠌ ⠎⠓⠱⠽⠞⠱⠅ ⠂⠈⠛⠗⠓ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠻⠽ ⠍⠊⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅ ⠾⠻⠍ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠗⠱⠈⠚⠽⠅ ⠙⠉⠗⠱ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠗⠻⠏⠇⠈⠗⠾ ⠙⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠚⠱⠓⠻⠏⠗ ⠅⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠻⠽ ⠍⠊⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠙⠇⠎⠗ ⠾⠻⠍ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠼⠽ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠂⠁ ⠌⠁ ⠾⠻⠍ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠼⠽ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠂⠏⠙⠱ ⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠂⠏⠙⠱ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠧⠱ ⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠃⠻⠓⠱⠗⠅ ⠗⠱⠚⠝⠻⠞⠻⠈⠚⠒ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠏⠉⠱⠎ ⠎⠱⠇⠅ ⠧⠻⠖⠇⠞⠱ ⠃⠻⠎⠗⠻ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠳⠅ ⠙⠇⠎⠗⠱⠅ ⠥⠏⠗ ⠂⠈⠅⠯⠄⠏⠍⠄ ⠇⠱⠛⠇ ⠡⠇⠱⠓, ⠍⠝⠍⠇⠓⠝ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ ⠍⠊⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠮⠱⠝⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠍⠄ ⠙⠉⠗⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠳⠅⠗⠱ ⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠂⠏⠙⠱ ⠣⠇⠯⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠅⠱⠗⠼ ⠇⠄⠧⠇-⠅⠄⠗ ⠂⠏⠙⠱ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠎⠈⠍⠃⠈⠝⠮⠻⠞ ⠗⠱⠈⠚⠽⠅ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠎⠛⠗⠄, ⠝⠓⠻ ⠞⠌ ⠧⠻⠈⠞⠞⠅ ⠇⠻⠓⠱⠚⠎⠌ ⠂⠁ ⠝⠓⠻⠳ ⠗⠱⠓⠞⠅ ⠈⠧⠽⠧⠈⠎⠹⠱⠅ ⠎⠈⠅⠯⠍⠞⠱⠅ ⠓⠻⠎⠱⠃⠎⠌, ⠳⠓⠻⠎⠌ ⠏⠱⠗ ⠏⠱⠳⠃ ⠎⠊⠘⠧ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠂⠃ ⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠂⠅⠈⠎⠍⠻⠅ ⠂⠏⠙⠱ ⠅⠇⠯⠎⠌ ⠎⠓⠱⠽⠞⠱ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠁ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠅⠻⠎⠱⠝⠅ ⠪⠼-⠍⠱⠖⠻ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠎⠈⠍⠘⠧ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

 

⠔⠏⠱⠽ ⠅⠻ ⠓⠇? ⠅⠂⠩⠄⠈⠩⠈⠧⠗⠗ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝⠅ ⠂⠏⠙⠱ ⠎⠘-⠎⠱⠇ ⠐⠗⠃⠅⠡, ⠎⠄ ⠎⠘ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠃⠻⠎⠗⠻⠳ ⠚⠄⠅⠱⠌ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓⠲ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠂⠃ ⠅⠻ ⠓⠇? ⠙⠱⠍⠇⠙⠗ ⠣⠱⠾⠻⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠍⠽⠃⠗⠈⠅⠯⠻ ⠏⠗⠻⠽⠇⠚⠝⠱ ⠚⠄⠅⠱⠌ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽ ⠅⠇⠩⠻, ⠅⠍⠇⠱, ⠘⠂⠞⠓⠻ ⠃⠇⠱⠝, ⠛⠊⠫⠅, ⠃⠃⠐⠻⠻ ⠛⠊⠫⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠃⠱⠛⠍⠞⠻⠏⠗ ⠅⠻⠳⠅ ⠎⠈⠍⠘⠧ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠘⠄⠇? ⠧⠻⠈⠩⠧⠄⠈⠩⠧⠗⠅⠈⠽⠽⠱⠅ ⠧⠍⠈⠝⠙⠱⠧⠝ ⠫⠅⠍ ⠅⠻⠳⠅ ⠎⠖⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠎⠗⠅⠱⠗⠏⠗ ⠙⠇⠯⠱⠗⠇⠏⠼ ⠅⠳ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠎⠘ ⠅⠓⠻⠽⠱ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠚⠝⠞⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠺⠅⠅⠞ ⠗⠓⠃⠲ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠳⠅⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠔⠏⠱⠳ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ड़⠅⠱ ⠽⠊⠈⠞⠗⠎⠌ ⠅⠍⠇⠱-⠃⠇⠱⠝ ⠂⠙⠻⠅ ⠥⠏⠗ ⠚⠄ ⠍⠱⠾⠻⠅ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠮ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠞⠅⠗⠱ ⠞⠇ड़ ⠅⠳ ⠓⠾⠱⠳⠃ ⠂⠁ ⠅⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠝⠓⠗⠻⠅ ⠃⠙⠇⠱ ⠏⠈⠅⠅⠱ ⠝⠓⠗⠻⠅ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠍⠱⠼⠲ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠎⠗⠅⠱⠗⠎⠌ ⠧⠱⠈⠗⠞⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠈⠞⠧⠗⠻⠞ ⠎⠍⠱⠮⠝⠲ ⠂⠁ ⠚⠱ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠞⠱⠧⠞ ⠚⠄ ⠐⠗⠈⠇⠏⠅⠱⠇⠻⠅ ⠔⠏⠱⠽ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠄⠝⠱ ⠃⠗⠨⠱ ⠂⠃⠳⠎⠌ ⠏⠓⠻⠝⠄ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓⠅ ⠃⠻⠉⠅ ⠗⠄⠞⠅⠄⠌ ⠓⠾⠱⠳⠃, ⠃⠗⠨⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠳⠃⠱⠅ ⠃⠱⠾ ⠞⠅⠃⠱⠅ ⠃⠙⠇⠱ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠏⠓⠻⠝⠓⠻ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓⠅ ⠍⠗⠈⠍⠍⠞⠻⠅ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽ ⠅⠗⠃⠲ ⠂⠁ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠎⠘⠍⠄ ⠗⠱⠚⠝⠻⠞⠻⠅ ⠍⠓⠈⠞⠧⠱⠅⠱⠊⠈⠅⠯⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠃⠗ ⠗⠱⠨⠃⠲ ⠅⠇⠩⠻⠅⠄⠌ ⠏⠂⠗⠱⠝ ⠏⠹⠏⠗ ⠐⠗⠝⠃⠱⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠅⠅⠅⠾⠱ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓ ⠃⠝⠱⠃⠳ ड़ ⠂⠁ ⠌⠁ ⠎⠘ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠎⠍⠱⠮⠱⠝ ⠅⠓⠻⠌ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠃⠝⠻ ⠎⠅⠞⠲

⠅⠍⠇⠱ ⠮⠱⠗

⠝⠓⠗⠻⠎⠌ ⠇⠱⠘ ⠓⠝⠻- ⠳⠅ ⠞⠌ ⠅⠈⠉⠉⠻ ⠝⠓⠗⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠞⠱⠓⠃⠏⠗ ⠍⠃⠇⠘⠃⠞ ⠫⠻⠚⠱⠜⠝⠅ ⠎⠍⠈⠎⠽⠱, ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠔⠙⠱⠓⠗⠼ ⠏⠈⠗⠽⠱⠈⠏⠞ ⠓⠇⠳⠞ ⠚⠄⠝⠱-⠞⠄⠝⠱ ⠃⠝⠱⠌⠇ ⠏⠗⠻⠽⠇⠚⠝⠱ ⠎⠘⠅⠲ ⠅⠍⠇⠱⠅ ⠮⠱⠗⠎⠌ ⠝⠻⠅⠱⠇⠇ ⠏⠡⠃⠱⠗⠻ ⠅⠱⠞⠅ ⠍⠂⠈⠨⠽ ⠝⠓⠗⠻ ⠚⠽⠝⠛⠗⠎⠌ ⠔⠍⠗⠱⠌⠧- ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠧⠎⠌ ⠏⠡⠃⠱⠗⠻ ⠙⠻⠩⠱⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠌⠞⠳ ⠮⠗⠞⠻⠅ ⠐⠻⠇⠱⠝ ⠔⠈⠞⠞⠗⠎⠌ ⠙⠈⠅⠯⠻⠼ ⠙⠻⠩⠱⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠃⠗⠨⠱⠅ ⠎⠍⠽⠍⠄ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠏⠗⠻⠼⠱⠍ ⠅⠻ ⠓⠇⠳⠞ ⠂⠅⠻ ⠅⠻ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻? ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓ ⠃⠝⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠔⠈⠞⠞⠗⠍⠄ ⠏⠱⠝⠻ ⠹⠅⠍⠅⠱ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠎⠘ ⠎⠱⠇ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠝⠓⠗ ⠗⠃⠏⠻ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓⠎⠌ ⠏⠾⠉⠝⠻ ⠓⠇⠳ ⠧⠱ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠔⠞⠗⠃⠗⠻⠽⠱ ⠅⠱⠞⠅ ⠖⠎⠻⠇ ⠝⠻⠈⠩⠉⠻⠞ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠼ ⠫⠂⠍⠃⠄ ⠾⠱ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠖⠇⠝⠱ ⠃⠱⠃⠃⠅ ⠚⠍⠻⠝ ⠝⠓⠗⠻⠍⠄ ⠝⠒⠻ ⠉⠇⠻ ⠚⠱⠳ ⠎⠄ ⠝⠓⠗⠻⠅ ⠙⠻⠩⠱ ⠃⠙⠇⠻ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻!

 

⠅⠍⠇⠱ ⠝⠙⠻⠏⠗ १९६० . ⠍⠄ ⠚⠽⠝⠛⠗⠎⠌ ⠴⠊⠴⠱⠗⠏⠂⠗ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠡⠓⠗⠅ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠍⠱⠼ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠂⠁ ⠳⠓⠻⠎⠌ ⠎⠈⠍⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗⠅ ⠧⠻⠝⠱⠩⠇⠻⠇⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠗⠈⠍⠘ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠴⠊⠴⠱⠗⠏⠂⠗⠎⠌ ⠂⠛⠱⠌⠅ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗⠅ ⠅⠻ ⠓⠱⠇ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠎⠄ ⠞⠌ ⠓⠍ ⠅⠂⠩⠄⠈⠩⠧⠗⠅ ⠧⠈⠗⠼⠝ ⠅⠳ ⠙⠳ ⠉⠂⠅⠇ ⠡⠻⠲ ⠍⠮⠄⠏⠂⠗, ⠣⠝⠈⠩⠽⠱⠍⠏⠂⠗, ⠎⠻⠊⠣⠻⠽⠱ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠎⠘⠅ ⠨⠻⠈⠎⠎⠱ ⠅⠂⠩⠄⠈⠩⠧⠗⠎⠌ ⠘⠻⠈⠝⠝ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠍⠇⠱-⠃⠇⠱⠝⠅ ⠙⠂⠝⠃ ⠡⠓⠗⠅ ⠃⠻⠉ ⠚⠄⠝⠱-⠚⠄⠝⠱ ⠗⠄⠞ ⠘⠗⠅⠞ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠅⠱⠗⠼⠄⠌ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠞⠾⠃⠈⠝⠮⠅ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠍⠱⠼⠅ ⠃⠻⠎ ⠎⠱⠇⠅ ⠘⠻⠞⠗ ⠎⠘ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠞⠓⠎-⠝⠓⠎ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠅⠍⠇⠱ ⠮⠱⠗ ⠚⠄ ⠃⠇⠱⠝⠍⠄ ⠏⠻⠏⠗⠱⠣⠱⠾⠍⠄ १९५४ ⠍⠄ ⠍⠻⠇⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠻⠓, ⠓⠻⠍⠱⠇⠽⠎⠌ ⠃⠓⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠏⠅⠣ ⠇⠈⠅⠅ड़ ⠐⠗⠧⠗⠇⠮⠅ ⠅⠱⠗⠼⠲ ⠂⠃ ⠓⠱⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠙⠎ ⠣⠈⠼⠾⠱⠍⠄ ⠏⠱⠝⠻⠅ ⠚⠇⠈⠎⠞⠗ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠮⠱⠗⠍⠄ ⠍⠻⠾⠗⠎⠌ ⠃⠄⠩⠻ ⠞⠅ ⠃⠐⠻⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ १९६५ .⠎⠌ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓/ ⠡⠓⠗⠅ ⠃⠻⠉⠍⠄ ⠗⠄⠞ ⠳⠞⠄⠅ ⠘⠗⠻ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠚⠄ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠥⠌⠉⠱⠜ ⠃⠐⠻⠄⠃⠱⠅ ⠂⠧⠈⠩⠽⠅⠞⠱ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠂⠁ ⠍⠱⠌⠛ ⠩⠂⠗⠃ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠚⠄ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓/ ⠡⠓⠗⠅⠄⠌ ⠞⠇ड़ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠳!

⠈⠎⠅⠃⠇ ⠇⠄⠚⠍⠄ ⠡⠂⠈⠾⠾⠻ ⠛⠈⠗⠍⠻ ⠞⠱⠞⠻⠇⠅ ⠃⠙⠇⠱⠍⠄ ⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠅ ⠎⠍⠳ ⠙⠄⠃⠱⠍⠄ ⠅⠇⠝ ⠓⠈⠗⠚ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠼⠽ ⠅⠇⠝ ⠞⠗⠓⠄⠌ ⠅⠺⠻⠝ ⠐⠗⠡⠻?

⠳⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠍⠄:

⠃⠱⠐⠻⠻⠏⠗ ⠧⠻⠝⠻⠞ ⠔⠈⠞⠏⠇⠅ ⠏⠈⠙⠽⠅ ⠎⠊⠛ ⠅⠇⠎⠻ ⠇⠇⠅⠛⠻⠞ ⠂⠁ ⠈⠎⠧.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠅⠍⠈⠯⠼ ⠴⠱ "⠅⠻⠎⠂⠝" ⠅⠄⠗ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠃⠱⠿⠻⠏⠗ ⠎⠂⠩⠱⠈⠝⠞ ⠴⠱⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠩⠈⠅⠞⠻ ⠩⠄⠨⠗ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠝⠻⠃⠈⠝⠮ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠛⠛⠄ ⠛⠂⠊⠚⠝ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠛⠈⠙⠽-⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗⠻⠞ "⠗⠱⠮⠱" ⠚⠄ ⠅⠻ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽⠅ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠝⠧ ⠅⠻⠈⠗⠞⠻⠍⠱⠝ ⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠓⠇⠳⠞, ⠅⠄⠗ ⠙⠇⠎⠗ ⠨⠄⠏ ⠏⠐⠻⠃ ⠎⠊⠛⠍⠄ ⠓⠂⠝⠅⠗ ⠧⠻⠉⠱⠗-⠾⠻⠈⠏⠏⠼⠻ ⠎⠄⠓⠇⠲ ⠧⠗⠻⠈⠯⠺ ⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽⠅⠱⠗ ⠧⠅⠅⠂⠈⠼⠺ ⠴⠱⠚⠻⠅ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠚⠻ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠅⠅⠇⠱⠩ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗ ⠚⠻⠅ "⠽⠱⠽⠱⠧⠗⠻", ⠍⠻⠈⠞⠗⠝⠱⠹ ⠴⠱ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠏⠈⠙⠽, ⠝⠃⠞⠝ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠉⠉⠺⠉⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠏⠃⠚⠱⠏⠗ ⠇⠄⠨, ⠈⠩⠽⠱⠍ ⠎⠂⠈⠝⠙⠗ ⠩⠩⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠍⠝⠇⠚ ⠅⠈⠩⠽⠏⠅ ⠇⠣⠂-⠅⠹⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠩⠈⠍⠘⠃ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠎⠻⠓⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠐⠗⠝⠇⠅⠱⠈⠝⠞ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠅⠹⠱ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠩⠈⠍⠘⠃ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠎⠻ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠘⠁ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠃⠻.⠅⠄ ⠅⠈⠗⠼⠅ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠅ ⠧⠻⠅⠱⠎⠏⠗ ⠇⠄⠨, ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠌⠍⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠇⠄⠨., ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠉⠝ ⠚⠻, ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠏⠊⠅⠚ ⠏⠗⠱⠩⠗, ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠎⠂⠩⠱⠈⠝⠞, ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩, ⠚⠻⠞⠍⠇⠓⠝, ⠧⠻⠝⠻⠞ ⠔⠈⠞⠏⠇ ⠩⠅⠇⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠍⠇⠓⠝ ⠴⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠏⠗⠍ ⠈⠩⠗⠈⠙⠮⠄⠽ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠍⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓⠚⠻⠅ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ 

⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠗⠻⠏⠇⠈⠗⠞⠱⠚ ⠇⠻⠨⠝⠄ ⠡⠹⠻ ⠏⠂⠈⠼⠽⠮⠱⠍ ⠚⠝⠅⠏⠂⠗⠮⠱⠍⠅ ⠽⠂⠧⠱ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠅⠱⠗ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠚⠻⠞⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠴⠱ ⠎⠊⠛⠍⠄ ⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻⠚⠻ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠇⠊⠙⠝⠎⠌ ⠗⠻⠏⠇⠈⠗⠞⠱⠚ ⠏⠺⠄⠝⠄ ⠡⠹⠻⠲

⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠓⠗⠻⠍⠇⠓⠝ ⠴⠱⠚⠻⠅ ⠎⠈⠍⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠎⠊⠎⠱⠗⠅ ⠐⠗⠧⠇⠇⠅⠝ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠂⠛⠱⠌ ⠃⠐⠻⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻⠚⠻ ⠏⠈⠙⠽, ⠃⠱⠇⠱⠝⠱⠊⠅⠍⠞⠄ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠙⠄⠧⠻⠚⠻ ⠩⠍⠊⠨⠇⠱, ⠃⠱⠇⠱⠝⠱⠊⠅⠍⠞⠄ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗⠅⠇⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠎⠓⠈⠎⠗⠃⠱⠐⠻⠝⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠱⠙ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠂⠞ ⠅⠳⠝⠄ ⠡⠹⠻⠲

⠩⠄⠯ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠽⠻ ⠈⠎⠞⠊⠘ ⠽⠹⠱⠧⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠏⠇⠹⠻ ⠎⠍⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱: 

⠃⠱⠌⠅⠻ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠙⠃⠮⠅ ⠅⠈⠗⠚- ⠳⠓⠻ ⠝⠱⠍⠎⠌ १० ⠾⠱ ⠛⠻⠞⠅ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓ ⠇⠳ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠃⠻⠝⠻⠞ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗- ⠩⠻⠈⠅⠯⠅, ⠈⠏⠗⠛⠞⠻ ⠂⠙⠈⠗⠩ . ⠈⠎⠅⠃⠇, ⠇⠛⠝⠨⠄⠇, ⠇⠇⠻⠞⠏⠂⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠂⠞ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠎⠱⠇⠅ ⠙⠇⠎⠗ ⠏⠇⠹⠻ ⠡⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠙⠄⠧⠝⠱⠛⠗⠻⠅ ⠎⠊⠛ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠈⠅⠯⠗⠍⠄ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠂⠽⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠂⠁ ⠳⠅⠗⠱ ⠓⠍ ⠐⠗⠊⠩⠂⠍⠝ ⠏⠱⠈⠼⠫⠄⠽⠅⠄⠌ ⠏⠺⠱ ⠙⠄⠇⠻⠽⠈⠝⠓⠻, ⠽⠃⠝⠻⠅⠇⠫⠅ ⠍⠅⠏⠻⠊⠛⠅ ⠇⠄⠇, ⠅⠱⠗⠼ ⠧⠻⠝⠻⠞⠚⠻ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠇⠹⠻⠅⠄⠌ -⠍⠄⠇⠎⠌ ⠏⠺⠄⠃⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠍⠞⠻ ⠙⠄⠝⠄ ⠡⠹⠻, ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠓⠂⠝⠅⠱ ⠮⠈⠝⠽⠧⠱⠙⠲

⠘⠗⠇ ⠝⠇⠗⠍⠄ ⠩⠻⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠏⠈⠙⠽⠍⠄ ⠅⠻ ⠎⠂⠞⠇⠱⠎⠌ ⠘⠄⠾⠇⠅ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠅⠅⠗⠇ ⠐⠗⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠂⠁ ⠛⠱⠍ ⠝⠛⠗⠍⠄- ⠇⠇⠅⠞⠊⠈⠞⠗⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠐⠗⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠇⠁ ⠅⠁ ⠗⠓⠞ ⠍⠮⠄⠎⠻, ⠣⠇⠯⠼⠱ ⠡⠈⠝⠓⠻ ⠅⠧⠻⠅ ⠞⠌ ⠅⠇⠗⠇ ⠂⠁ ⠏⠱⠐⠻⠻⠍⠄ ⠛⠗⠻⠃ ⠡⠇ड़⠻⠅⠁ ⠅⠄ ⠃⠂⠴⠞⠅ ⠛⠗⠻⠃⠻⠅⠄ ⠍⠱⠗⠻- ⠅⠓⠻ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠂⠈⠗⠹⠻⠅ ⠉⠻⠈⠝⠞⠝ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠎⠇⠴⠱⠌ ⠗⠨⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠉⠓⠂⠌⠙⠻⠩ ⠐⠗⠍⠈⠬⠛⠇⠍⠄ ⠚⠈⠬⠛⠇⠅ ⠧⠻⠝⠱⠩⠏⠗ ⠍⠂⠈⠩⠅⠻⠇⠄⠎⠌ ⠎⠂⠝⠻ ⠉⠻ड़⠻⠽⠱⠅⠄ ⠉⠻⠓⠂⠊-⠉⠻⠓⠂⠊- ⠅⠓⠻ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠏⠈⠗⠽⠱⠧⠗⠼ ⠉⠻⠈⠝⠞⠝ ⠎⠇⠴⠱⠌ ⠗⠨⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠚⠄ ⠅⠗⠹⠻ ⠣⠇⠾⠱⠇⠱ ⠍⠄ ⠈⠘⠗⠈⠯⠾⠱⠉⠱⠗⠏⠗ ⠂⠁ ⠚⠱⠜⠞⠅ ⠾⠂⠅ड़⠍⠄ ⠚⠱⠞⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠱⠏⠗ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠍⠍⠞⠱⠎⠌ ⠉⠇⠾ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻ ⠞⠌ ⠃⠄⠾⠻⠅ ⠘⠱⠈⠛⠽⠧⠻⠮⠱⠝⠍⠄ ⠅⠧⠻⠅ ⠘⠱⠧⠝⠱ ⠔⠖⠱⠝⠏⠗ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠈⠍⠈⠏⠽⠂⠾⠗⠅ ⠙⠂⠝⠻⠽⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠐⠗⠈⠬⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻⠽⠱⠍⠄ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠎⠱⠍⠽⠻⠅⠞⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠃⠻⠎⠗⠇ ⠡⠹⠻ ⠞⠌  ⠐⠗⠈⠝⠞⠻⠍ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠞⠱⠇ ⠍⠻⠎⠗⠻ ⠍⠄ ⠧⠗⠅ ⠎⠱⠎⠂⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠍ ⠅⠝⠄⠅ ⠈⠧⠽⠊⠈⠛⠽⠱⠈⠞⠍⠅ ⠎⠂⠗⠍⠄ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠅⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗⠍⠄ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠙⠈⠅⠯ ⠓⠇⠳⠃⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠍⠱⠼ ⠙⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠌⠝⠱ ⠞⠌ ⠅⠧⠻⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠍⠞⠻ ⠡⠈⠝⠓⠻, ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠚⠱⠓⠻ ⠇⠳ ⠎⠌ ⠅⠧⠻⠞⠱ ⠅⠳⠝⠄ ⠡⠹⠻ ⠌⠁ ⠐⠗⠘⠃⠞⠏⠃⠈⠗⠧ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ ⠈⠏⠗⠩⠊⠎⠝⠻⠽ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠐⠗⠏⠝⠄⠅ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠈⠏⠗⠞⠻⠈⠅⠗⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠞⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱⠍⠄⠲

 ⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗

 

ggajendra@videha.co.in  ggajendra@yahoo.co.in

                         २.⠎⠊⠙⠄⠩

१.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠇. ⠔⠙⠽ ⠝⠱⠗⠱⠽⠼ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ "⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱"- ⠚⠄ ⠅⠱⠚ ⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌ ⠅⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠻ ⠞⠅⠗ ⠉⠗⠉⠱ ⠳⠅ ⠙⠻⠝ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠘⠱⠯⠱⠅ ⠜⠞⠻⠓⠱⠎⠍⠄ ⠓⠇⠳⠞⠲ ⠂⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠱⠝⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠚⠄ ⠳⠞⠄⠅ ⠛⠇⠾ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠚⠈⠗⠝⠇⠅⠄⠌ ⠏⠐⠻⠻ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠹⠻⠲

२.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠫⠭. ⠛⠊⠛⠄⠩ ⠛⠂⠊⠚⠝- "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠚⠈⠗⠝⠇ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠲ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠉⠈⠙⠽⠇⠛⠻⠅⠻ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠔⠏⠽⠇⠛ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠈⠎⠞⠂⠈⠞⠽ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠱⠎ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠙⠄⠧⠝⠱⠛⠗⠻⠍⠄ ⠾⠱⠜⠏ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠍⠄ ⠳⠓⠻ ६५ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠔⠍⠗⠻⠍⠄ ⠅⠈⠯⠾ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠙⠄⠧⠝⠱⠛⠗⠻ ⠾⠱⠜⠏ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠍⠄ ⠍⠙⠞⠻ ⠙⠄⠝⠱⠜ ⠎⠈⠍⠏⠱⠙⠅, "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠅⠄⠗ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠙⠱⠽⠻⠈⠞⠧⠲

३.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠱⠈⠩⠗⠽ ⠴⠱ "⠗⠱⠍⠗⠊⠛"- "⠐⠗⠏⠝⠱" ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠎⠌ ⠎⠊⠃⠊⠮⠻⠞...⠧⠻⠯⠽ ⠧⠈⠎⠞⠂⠎⠌ ⠐⠗⠧⠛⠞ ⠘⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌⠲...⠩⠄⠯ ⠎⠘ ⠅⠂⠩⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

४.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠃⠗⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠈⠞⠗⠻⠏⠱⠺⠻, ⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽ ⠐⠗⠅⠱⠙⠍⠻- ⠜⠊⠾⠗⠝⠄⠾ ⠏⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠏⠱⠈⠅⠯⠻⠅ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠅⠄⠗ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠃⠱⠮⠱⠊ ⠂⠁ ⠩⠂⠘⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠈⠎⠧⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠅⠗⠃⠲

५.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠖⠂⠈⠇⠇⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ "⠍⠉⠝"- ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠏⠱⠈⠅⠯⠻⠅ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗ ⠚⠱⠝⠻ ⠅⠝⠄⠅ ⠉⠅⠻⠞ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠃⠄⠎⠻ ⠂⠈⠓⠇⠱⠙⠻⠞ ⠘⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌⠲ ⠅⠱⠇⠉⠈⠅⠗⠅⠄⠌ ⠏⠅ड़ ⠚⠱⠓⠻ ⠙⠃⠗⠙⠍⠈⠯⠾⠻⠅ ⠏⠗⠻⠉⠽ ⠙⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌, ⠌⠓⠻ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠍⠊⠛⠇⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱⠲

६.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠫⠭. ⠩⠻⠧⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠙ ⠽⠱⠙⠧- ⠚⠱⠝⠻ ⠐⠗⠏⠱⠗ ⠓⠈⠗⠯ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠄ ⠝⠧ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱-⠈⠅⠗⠱⠈⠝⠞⠻⠅ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠅⠱⠗⠻⠞⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠄⠩ ⠙⠻⠐⠗⠳⠃⠱⠅ ⠎⠱⠓⠎⠻⠅ ⠅⠙⠍ ⠔⠺⠱⠌⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠅⠱⠗⠻⠞⠱⠍⠄ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠝⠧ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠛⠅ ⠓⠍ ⠈⠎⠧⠱⠛⠞ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠻, ⠎⠊⠛⠓⠻ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠎⠖⠇⠞⠱⠅ ⠩⠂⠘⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱⠲

७.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠂⠈⠙⠽⠱⠉⠗⠼ ⠴⠱- ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠏⠈⠞⠗-⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝- ⠞⠱⠓⠃⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠍⠄ ⠅⠄ ⠅⠞⠄⠅ ⠎⠓⠽⠇⠛ ⠅⠗⠞⠱⠓- ⠞⠁ ⠘⠧⠻⠈⠯⠽ ⠅⠓⠞⠲ ⠓⠍⠗ ८८ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠍⠄ ७५ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠘⠧ ⠗⠓⠇⠲ ⠳⠞⠄⠅ ⠏⠅⠣ ⠍⠓⠱⠝ ⠽⠈⠚⠒⠍⠄ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠈⠩⠗⠈⠙⠮⠱⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠂⠓⠂⠞⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠏⠞ ⠓⠇⠽⠞- ⠽⠱⠧⠞ ⠺⠻⠅-⠺⠱⠅ ⠡⠻/ ⠗⠓⠃⠲

८.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠧⠻⠚⠽ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗, ⠍⠻⠩⠻⠛⠝ ⠧⠻⠈⠩⠧⠧⠻⠈⠙⠽⠱⠇⠽- "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠓⠂⠌, ⠎⠈⠍⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠾⠻⠍ ⠃⠮⠱⠊⠅ ⠏⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠍⠊⠛⠇ ⠘⠧⠻⠈⠯⠽ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠩⠂⠘⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠈⠎⠧⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱⠌⠲

९. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠎⠂⠘⠱⠯⠉⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠽⠱⠙⠧- -⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠃⠱⠗⠄⠍⠄ ⠚⠱⠝⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠈⠝⠝⠞⠱ ⠘⠄⠇⠲ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠝⠻⠗⠈⠝⠞⠗ ⠏⠈⠇⠇⠧⠻⠞-⠏⠂⠈⠯⠏⠻⠞ ⠓⠇ ⠂⠁ ⠉⠞⠂⠈⠗⠙⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠎⠂⠛⠊⠮ ⠏⠎⠱⠗⠽ ⠎⠄ ⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

१०.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠙⠻⠏- -⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠎⠖⠇⠞⠱⠅ ⠘⠛⠧⠞⠻⠎⠌ ⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱⠲ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠓⠽⠇⠛ ⠗⠓⠞⠲

११.⠫⠭. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠘⠻⠍⠝⠱⠹ ⠴⠱- ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠜⠈⠝⠾⠗⠝⠄⠾ ⠏⠗ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠞⠄⠌ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠝⠱⠍ ⠔⠉⠻⠞ ⠂⠗ ⠅⠞⠄⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠧⠻⠧⠗⠼ ⠘⠳ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠂⠜-⠅⠱⠈⠇⠓⠻ ⠍⠇⠝⠍⠄ ⠔⠈⠙⠧⠄⠛ ⠗⠓⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠓⠽⠇⠛ ⠙⠄⠃⠲

१२.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠘⠗⠇⠎ ⠅⠱⠏ड़ ⠈⠘⠗⠍⠗, ⠚⠝⠅⠏⠂⠗⠮⠱⠍- "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠝⠇⠱⠜⠝ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠻⠲ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅⠄⠌ ⠐⠗⠈⠝⠞⠈⠗⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠚⠛⠞⠍⠄ ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌ ⠞⠅⠗⠱ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠓⠱⠈⠗⠙⠻⠅ ⠃⠮⠱⠊⠲ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱ ⠗⠈⠞⠝ ⠎⠘⠅ ⠎⠊⠅⠇⠝ ⠐⠗⠏⠃⠈⠗⠧⠲ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠇⠅ ⠎⠓⠽⠇⠛ ⠘⠄⠾⠞ ⠎⠄ ⠧⠻⠈⠩⠧⠱⠎ ⠅⠗⠻⠲

१३. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠚⠝⠈⠝⠙⠝ ⠇⠱⠇⠙⠱⠎- ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ -⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠎⠌ ड़ ⠝⠻⠅ ⠅⠱⠚ ⠅⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠻, ⠝⠱⠞⠻⠅ ⠳⠓⠻⠺⠱⠍ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠓⠂⠌⠲ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠧⠱⠈⠗⠯⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠈⠏⠗⠻ ⠝⠻⠅⠱⠇⠃ ⠞⠌ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠏⠺⠱⠽⠃⠲ ⠅⠇⠅⠈⠞⠞⠱⠍⠄ ⠃⠓⠂⠞ ⠛⠇⠾⠄⠅⠄⠌ ⠓⠍ ⠎⠱⠜⠾⠅ ⠏⠞⠱ ⠇⠻⠨⠱⠳ ⠙⠄⠝⠄ ⠡⠻⠽⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠍⠇⠝ ⠞⠌ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻ ⠂⠃⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠂⠩⠻⠈⠗⠧⠱⠙ ⠙⠅⠞⠓⠂⠌, ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠔⠍⠗ ⠂⠃ ⠃⠄⠩⠻ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠩⠂⠘⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠙⠄⠩-⠧⠻⠙⠄⠩⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠅⠄⠌ ⠚⠇ड़⠃⠱⠅ ⠇⠄⠇⠲

१४. ⠫⠭. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠍⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓- "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠝⠻⠠⠈⠎⠧⠱⠈⠗⠹ ⠍⠱⠞⠍⠘⠱⠯⠱⠝⠂⠗⠱⠛⠎⠌ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠗⠻⠞ ⠡⠻,  ⠳⠅⠗ ⠝⠻⠍⠻⠈⠞⠞ ⠚⠄ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠎⠄⠧⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠚⠝ ⠓⠇, ⠞⠌ ⠎⠃⠉⠻⠞ ⠅⠗⠻⠲

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