VIDEHA:15:1:मैथिली : विदेह: पहिल बेर ब्रेलमे

'⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠐⠗⠛⠈⠎⠞ २००८ ( ⠧⠈⠗⠯ ⠍⠱⠎ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ १५ ) ⠳⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻:-

 ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠱⠈⠩⠗⠽ ⠴⠱ '⠗⠱⠍⠗⠊⠛' (१९२८- ) ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ' ⠐⠗⠘⠻⠝⠧ ⠘⠱⠞⠨⠈⠼⠫⠄' ⠚⠻⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠇⠄⠇⠲

१.⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠧⠝ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇ २.⠎⠊⠏⠱⠙⠅⠻⠽ ३.⠎⠊⠙⠄⠩

२. ⠝⠱⠾⠅ ⠝⠇ ⠳⠊⠈⠾⠗⠻: ⠍⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠻⠩ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠔⠙⠽ ⠝⠱⠗⠱⠽⠼ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ '⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱'

⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽⠅ ⠎⠂⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠛⠮⠈⠗⠍⠻ ⠝⠱⠾⠅⠅⠱⠗ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻⠅ ⠾⠾⠅⠱ ⠝⠱⠾⠅, ⠚⠄ ⠧⠻⠛⠞ २५ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠍⠉⠝⠘⠊⠛⠅ ⠏⠈⠩⠉⠱⠈⠞ ⠏⠱⠺⠅⠅ ⠎⠈⠍⠍⠂⠨  ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠂⠞ ⠘⠄⠇⠲ ⠏⠐⠻⠃ ⠝⠱⠾⠅⠅ ⠐⠗⠈⠝⠞⠻⠍ ⠨⠄⠏⠲

३. ⠛⠈⠙⠽ -

⠐⠗.१. ⠅⠹⠱  ⠧⠻⠘⠱-⠗⠱⠝⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠘⠱⠇⠉⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠴⠱ . ⠂⠈⠮⠽⠱⠈⠞⠍-⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠙⠻⠏

२. ⠎⠱⠓⠄⠃ ⠗⠱⠍⠙⠱⠎-⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠏⠱⠇⠝ ⠴⠱/ ⠙⠅⠝⠻⠅⠻- ⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻

. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠍⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓  ⠃⠻⠎⠍ ⠩⠞⠱⠈⠃⠙⠻⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽

⠔⠏⠈⠝⠽⠱⠎ ⠎⠓⠈⠎⠗⠃⠱⠐⠻⠝⠻ (⠂⠛⠱⠌)

⠊⠩⠇⠮ ⠇⠄⠨: ⠍⠱⠽⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗⠅ ⠜⠞⠻⠓⠱⠎ ⠃⠇⠮ (⠂⠛⠱⠌) ⠎⠊⠛⠍⠄ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠱⠽⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗⠚⠻⠎⠌ ⠫⠭ ⠩⠻⠧⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠙ ⠽⠱⠙⠧⠚⠻ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠎⠱⠈⠅⠯⠱⠈⠞⠅⠱⠗⠲

४. ⠏⠈⠙⠽

⠧⠻⠈⠎⠍⠍⠞ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠈⠎⠧. ⠗⠱⠍⠚⠻ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻,⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗

⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠛⠊⠛⠄⠩ ⠛⠂⠊⠚⠝ ⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻ ⠴⠱ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠏⠊⠅⠚ ⠏⠗⠱⠩⠗,

⠍⠓⠱⠅⠱⠈⠧⠽ ⠍⠓⠱⠘⠱⠗⠞ (⠂⠛⠱⠌) ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠚⠻⠞⠍⠇⠓⠝ -⠘⠈⠅⠞⠻ ⠛⠻⠞

५. ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠩⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱(⠂⠛⠱⠌)

६. ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱ ⠅⠇⠱(⠂⠛⠱⠌)

७.⠏⠱⠃⠝⠻-⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠱⠗- ⠞⠻⠈⠗⠹ -⠏⠊⠉⠙⠄⠧⠇⠏⠱⠎⠅ ⠘⠃⠍⠻ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱--⠫⠭ ⠈⠏⠗⠖⠂⠈⠇⠇ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ ⠍⠉⠝

⠍⠮⠂⠈⠩⠗⠱⠧⠼⠻⠏⠗ ⠧⠻⠩⠄⠯ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠅ ⠏⠱⠃⠝⠻-⠞⠻⠓⠱⠗⠅ ⠅⠅⠇⠄⠊⠫⠗)

८. ⠎⠊⠛⠻⠞ ⠩⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱ -⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠱⠈⠩⠗⠽ ⠴⠱ '⠗⠱⠍⠗⠊⠛'

९. ⠃⠱⠇⠱⠝⠱⠊ ⠅⠍⠞⠄-

१०. ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠃⠊⠮  (⠂⠛⠱⠌)  ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻-⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠱⠓⠅ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠧⠻⠈⠙⠽⠱⠝⠊⠙ ⠴⠱ ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ (⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠍⠇⠓⠝⠚⠻ )

११. ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱         

१२.⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠘⠱⠯⠱⠏⠱⠅

१३. ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠇⠄⠨⠝ (⠂⠛⠱⠌)

14. VIDEHA FOR NON RESIDENT MAITHILS (Festivals of Mithila date-list)-

1.Videha Mithila Tirbhukti Tirhut... 2.Goa and Maithils by Ajay Thakur

The Comet-English translation of Gajendra Thakur's Maithili Novel Sahasrabadhani by Jyoti

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱:(१) ⠧⠻⠈⠎⠍⠍⠞ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠈⠎⠧. ⠗⠱⠍⠚⠻ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻ (1878-1952)⠏⠗ ⠩⠇⠮-⠇⠄⠨ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠅ ⠏⠓⠻⠇ ⠐⠗⠌⠅⠍⠄ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠡⠇⠲⠞⠅⠗ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠓⠂⠝⠅⠗ ⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠙⠂⠈⠗⠛⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻, ⠈⠛⠗⠱⠍-⠗⠂⠈⠙⠗⠏⠂⠗,⠹⠱⠝⠱-⠐⠗⠊⠮⠗⠱-⠺⠱⠐⠻⠻, ⠚⠻⠇⠱-⠍⠮⠂⠃⠝⠻  ⠅⠧⠻⠚⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠏⠱⠈⠼⠫⠂⠇⠻⠏⠻ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠱⠇⠽⠅⠄⠌ ⠫⠱⠅⠎⠌ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠱⠈⠗⠹ ⠏⠺⠌⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠛⠇⠾-⠏⠉⠱⠎⠄⠅ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠍⠄ ⠝⠧⠍ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠎⠌ ⠮⠱⠗⠱⠧⠱⠓⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ' ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱:(२) '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠩⠇⠮⠅ ⠂⠮⠱⠗ ⠏⠗ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻-⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻-⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠩⠈⠃⠙ ⠅⠇⠩ (⠎⠊⠏⠱⠙⠅ ⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗ ⠂⠁ ⠝⠱⠛⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠴⠱) ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠌⠇ ⠚⠱' ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠅⠅, ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝ ⠞⠻⠹⠻⠅, ⠏⠂⠈⠎⠞⠅-⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠏⠞⠻⠅ ⠧⠻⠮⠻⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠏⠇⠹⠻⠅ ⠍⠃⠈⠇⠽⠅ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠍⠈⠯⠺ ⠏⠗ ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱:(३) '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠮⠱⠗⠱⠧⠱⠓⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱' ⠗⠓⠇ ⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗⠅  '⠎⠓⠈⠎⠗⠃⠱⠐⠻⠝⠻'(⠔⠏⠈⠝⠽⠱⠎),  '⠛⠈⠇⠏-⠛⠂⠈⠉⠡'(⠅⠹⠱ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓) , '⠘⠱⠇⠎⠗⠻' (⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓), '⠃⠱⠇⠱⠝⠱⠊ ⠅⠍⠞⠄', '⠳⠅⠱⠈⠬⠅⠻ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓', '⠍⠓⠱⠘⠱⠗⠞' '⠃⠂⠈⠙⠮ ⠉⠗⠻⠞' (⠍⠓⠱⠅⠱⠈⠧⠽)⠂⠁ '⠽⠱⠈⠞⠗⠱ ⠧⠍⠈⠞⠞⠱⠊⠞' ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠍⠄ ⠎⠊⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠊⠾ ⠖⠭⠈⠗⠍⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠓⠇⠳⠞⠲ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠅⠅, ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝ ⠞⠻⠹⠻⠅, ⠏⠂⠈⠎⠞⠅-⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠏⠞⠻⠅ ⠧⠻⠮⠻⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠏⠇⠹⠻⠅ ⠍⠃⠈⠇⠽⠅ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠍⠈⠯⠺ ⠏⠗ ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞⠲

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ (४):⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱: ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠍⠱⠈⠝ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻⠅ ⠝⠱⠾⠅ "⠝⠇ ⠳⠊⠈⠾⠗⠻: ⠍⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠻⠩" ⠅⠄⠗  '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠍⠄ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠗⠃⠏ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠊⠾ ⠗⠃⠏⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠇⠄⠇ '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠅⠄⠗ ⠎⠍⠈⠅⠯ "⠈⠩⠗⠂⠞⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝" ⠅⠄⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠱⠧ ⠂⠽⠇ ⠡⠇, ⠳⠅⠗ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ '⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓' ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌⠅⠄⠌ ⠎⠃⠉⠻⠞ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠓⠈⠗⠯ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠄ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱ ⠚⠻ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠊⠾ ⠗⠃⠏ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠅ ⠈⠎⠧⠻⠅⠍⠞⠻ ⠙⠳ ⠙⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲

⠝⠇ ⠳⠈⠝⠈⠾⠗⠻ ⠍⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠻⠩ (⠐⠗⠅⠻ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠝⠱⠾⠅) (c) ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠔⠙⠽ ⠝⠱⠗⠱⠽⠼ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ "⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱"

⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠅: ⠈⠩⠗⠂⠞⠻ ⠏⠈⠃⠇⠻⠅⠄⠩⠝ (⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠂⠈⠎⠞⠅⠅ ISBN No. ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞)

⠍⠓⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ (५): ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻-⠘⠇⠚⠏⠂⠗⠻ ⠐⠗⠅⠱⠙⠍⠻⠅ ⠞⠈⠞⠈⠞⠧⠱⠮⠱⠝⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠛⠈⠎⠞ २००८ ⠅⠄⠌ ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠗⠱⠍ ⠎⠄⠈⠝⠾⠗, ⠎⠖⠙⠗ ⠓⠱⠩⠍⠻ ⠍⠱⠈⠗⠛, ⠍⠈⠼⠫⠻ ⠓⠱⠔⠎, ⠝⠊ ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠱⠌⠴ ⠎⠱⠐⠻⠄ ⠏⠱⠌⠉ ⠃⠚⠄⠎⠌ ⠗⠱⠞⠻ ⠇⠛⠘⠛ ⠃⠚⠄ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠝⠱⠾⠅-⠛⠻⠞-⠎⠊⠛⠻⠞ ⠎⠊⠈⠮⠽⠱⠅ ⠂⠽⠇⠚⠝ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠇⠇⠅ ⠗⠊⠛ (⠍⠅⠇⠇⠗⠊⠛) ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠹⠱ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠐⠗⠊⠞⠈⠗⠛⠞ ⠎⠱⠐⠻⠄ ⠡⠓ ⠃⠚⠄⠎⠌ ⠎⠧⠱ ⠂⠺ ⠃⠚⠄ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠍⠓⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠍⠇⠊⠛⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠝⠱⠾⠅ "⠅⠱⠺⠅ ⠃⠝⠇ ⠇⠇⠅" ⠍⠊⠉⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱⠳⠞- ⠳⠅⠗ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠙⠄⠩⠅ ⠡⠹⠻ ⠝⠄⠩⠝⠇ ⠈⠎⠅⠃⠇ ⠈⠫⠗⠱⠍⠱⠅ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩ ⠴⠱⠲

⠖⠄⠗ ⠎⠻⠞⠈⠍⠃⠗ २००८ ⠅⠄⠌ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠊⠛⠝ ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠹⠱ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠗⠱⠍ ⠎⠄⠈⠝⠾⠗, ⠍⠈⠼⠫⠻ ⠓⠱⠔⠎, ⠝⠊ ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠱⠌⠴ ⠏⠱⠌⠉ ⠃⠚⠄⠎⠌ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠝⠱⠾⠅-⠛⠻⠞-⠎⠊⠛⠻⠞ ⠎⠊⠈⠮⠽⠱⠅ ⠂⠽⠇⠚⠝ ⠓⠇⠳⠞⠲

 

⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ (⠙⠻⠝⠱⠊⠅ ⠐⠗⠛⠈⠎⠞ ⠎⠈⠝ २००८)

१.⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠧⠝ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇ २.⠎⠊⠏⠱⠙⠅⠻⠽ ३.⠎⠊⠙⠄⠩

⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠧⠝ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇

  -⠚⠻⠞⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠴⠱ ⠏⠞⠱⠠ ⠚⠝⠅⠏⠂⠗⠮⠱⠍, ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠳⠨⠝ ; ⠝⠊ ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻

⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝⠍⠄ ⠚⠊ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠍⠱⠙⠄ ⠃⠱⠞ ⠅⠗⠻ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠧⠝ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝⠅⠄ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠐⠗⠇⠛ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝ ⠃⠝⠻ ⠉⠂⠅⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠧⠝ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝ ⠗⠱⠞⠻ ⠏⠉⠝⠄ ⠃⠚⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠗⠻⠞ ⠓⠇⠃' ⠃⠇⠱ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇⠅ ⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠎⠊ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠃⠓⠂⠞⠇ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠏⠊⠓⠂⠉ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠍⠄ ⠎⠘⠎⠊ ⠃⠄⠩⠻ ⠃⠱⠚⠇ ⠚⠱⠳ ⠃⠇⠱ ⠙⠇⠎⠗ ⠘⠱⠯⠱ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠗⠓⠻⠞⠊⠓⠂ ⠌⠈⠞⠞ ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠏⠱⠞⠍⠄ ⠎⠊⠉⠱⠗⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅⠄ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝ ⠝⠊ ⠘⠄⠾ ⠎⠅⠇ ⠡⠜ ⠳⠓⠝ ⠐⠗⠧⠈⠎⠹⠱⠍⠄ ⠏⠫⠇⠎⠻ ⠙⠄⠩ ⠘⠱⠗⠞⠎⠊ ⠎⠈⠝⠉⠱⠇⠻⠞ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠧⠝ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠗⠼ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠘⠱⠯⠱ ⠘⠱⠯⠻ ⠍⠈⠮⠽ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠐⠗⠇⠛ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝ ⠃⠝⠱⠇⠄⠝⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠍⠄ ⠎⠗⠅⠱⠗⠻ ⠈⠎⠞⠗⠏⠗ ⠎⠊⠉⠱⠇⠻⠞ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝ ⠎⠓⠻⠞ ⠝⠻⠚⠻ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝ ⠈⠉⠽⠱⠝⠇⠍⠄  ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠳⠨⠝⠇ ⠔⠏⠄⠈⠅⠯⠻⠞⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠽⠈⠙⠽⠏⠻ ⠃⠄⠗ ⠃⠄⠗⠅⠄ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠂⠈⠝⠙⠇⠇⠝ ⠎⠊⠉⠱⠗⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠏⠗ ⠇⠱⠛ ⠃⠇⠱ ⠎⠱⠈⠍⠈⠏⠗⠙⠱⠽⠻⠅⠞⠱⠅ ⠂⠗⠇⠏⠅ ⠅⠱⠗⠼⠄ ⠅⠱⠺⠍⠱⠈⠼⠫⠂⠅⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠻⠞ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝⠎⠃⠍⠄ ⠂⠃ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅⠄ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝ ⠘⠄⠾ ⠇⠱⠛⠇ ⠡⠜ ⠅⠱⠺⠍⠱⠈⠼⠫⠂⠎⠊ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠗⠻⠞ ⠎⠛⠗⠍⠱⠹⠱ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠎⠘⠙⠻⠝ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻  

 

⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠧⠝ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝⠅ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇ ⠝⠱⠍⠅ 1 ⠣⠈⠼⠾⠱⠅ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍⠍⠄ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗, ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ ⠎⠍⠎⠱⠍⠽⠻⠅ ⠗⠱⠚⠝⠻⠞⠻, ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠍⠂⠨ ⠍⠂⠈⠙⠙⠱⠏⠗ ⠃⠱⠞⠉⠻⠞ ⠛⠻⠞ ⠎⠊⠛⠻⠞ ⠎⠍⠄⠾⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠎⠍⠎⠱⠍⠽⠻⠅ ⠧⠈⠎⠞⠂⠈⠎⠹⠻⠞⠻ ⠏⠗ ⠇⠇⠅ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠮⠱⠗⠼⠱ ⠏⠗⠻⠉⠈⠗⠉⠱⠅⠄ ⠍⠓⠈⠞⠧⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠃⠝⠱ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍ ⠗⠱⠞⠻ ⠏⠉⠝⠄ ⠂⠺ ⠃⠚⠄⠎⠊ ⠏⠉⠝⠄ ⠝⠌ ⠃⠚⠄⠮⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠗⠻⠞ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠅⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠻⠞ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗ ⠗⠓⠻⠞⠇ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠎⠊ ⠃⠱⠓⠗ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍ ⠙⠄⠨⠻⠝⠻⠓⠱⠗ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇ ⠅⠍⠻ ⠝⠊ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ ⠎⠻⠍⠱⠧⠈⠗⠞⠻ ⠍⠮⠂⠧⠝⠻, ⠙⠗⠘⠊⠛⠱, ⠎⠻⠞⠱⠍⠿⠻, ⠎⠂⠏⠉⠇, ⠎⠓⠗⠎⠱⠎⠓⠻⠞⠅⠄ ⠚⠻⠈⠇⠇⠱⠎⠘⠍⠄ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠙⠈⠗⠩⠅⠅⠄ ⠅⠍⠻ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇ ⠚⠈⠞⠞ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗, ⠛⠻⠞, ⠏⠗⠻⠉⠈⠗⠉⠱ ⠎⠂⠝⠻ ⠎⠂⠎⠃⠉⠻⠞ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠡⠅⠹ ⠞⠞⠊ ⠘⠱⠗⠞ ⠂⠝ ⠺⠱⠍⠅ ⠙⠈⠗⠩⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠛⠻⠞ ⠎⠊⠉⠱⠗⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠃⠇⠇⠻ ⠎⠂⠝⠻ ⠓⠈⠗⠯⠻⠞ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻

 

⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ ⠍⠮⠄⠩⠻⠅⠄ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠐⠗⠈⠝⠞⠈⠗⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠎⠊⠉⠱⠗⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠍⠄ ⠍⠂⠊⠓ ⠨⠇⠇⠻ ⠃⠚⠃⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠧⠎⠗ ⠙⠄⠇⠅⠅, ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠏⠝⠄ ⠘⠱⠯⠱⠍⠄ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠅ ⠎⠊⠉⠱⠗⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠎⠊ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠅⠾⠇ ⠅⠈⠾⠇ ⠗⠓⠃⠇⠱ ⠍⠮⠄⠩⠅⠄ ⠡⠇⠾ ⠡⠻⠝ ⠣⠾⠝⠱ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠈⠏⠗⠍⠂⠨ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗ ⠃⠝ ⠇⠱⠛⠇ ⠍⠮⠄⠩⠻⠅ ⠍⠂⠈⠙⠙⠱⠏⠗ ⠨⠂⠇⠻⠅ ⠃⠓⠎ ⠩⠂⠗⠂ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠍⠮⠄⠩⠅ ⠝⠄⠞⠱ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠮⠇⠞⠻ ⠅⠂⠈⠗⠞⠱ ⠏⠓⠻⠗⠻⠅ ⠅⠱⠺⠍⠱⠈⠼⠫⠂⠳⠍⠄ ⠃⠅⠎⠻ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝ ⠏⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠞⠽⠈⠅⠯ ⠗⠂⠏⠄⠊ ⠚⠝⠞⠱⠎⠊ ⠃⠱⠞⠉⠻⠞ ⠅⠗ ⠇⠛⠇⠱⠲ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝⠍⠄ ⠚⠈⠞⠞ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠩⠂⠈⠝⠽⠈⠏⠗⠱⠽ ⠡⠇ ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠃⠈⠎⠹⠱⠍⠄ ⠳⠈⠅⠅⠓⠻⠃⠄⠗ ⠳⠅ ⠣⠈⠼⠾⠱ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍⠅⠄ ⠇⠇⠅⠈⠏⠗⠻⠽ ⠓⠇⠃ ⠍⠄ ⠃⠄⠩⠻ ⠎⠍⠽ ⠝⠜ ⠇⠛⠇⠅ ⠳⠨⠝ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍ ⠙⠃ ⠃⠈⠗⠯ ⠏⠂⠗⠱ ⠅⠗ ⠇⠱⠛⠇ ⠐⠗⠜⠲

 

⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ 1 ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝ ⠫⠻⠎ ⠾⠻⠘⠻ ⠾⠱⠾⠱ ⠈⠎⠅⠱⠜⠏⠗ ⠔⠏⠇⠈⠃⠮ ⠓⠳⠃⠱⠅ ⠅⠱⠗⠼⠄ ⠙⠄⠩ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠩⠍⠄ ⠗⠓ ⠃⠇⠱ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠇⠛ ⠎⠓⠚⠓⠻⠊ ⠏⠊⠓⠂⠉ ⠃⠝⠱⠇⠄⠝⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠳⠓⠻⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠄ ⠇⠛⠘⠛ ७० ⠾⠱ ⠙⠄⠩⠍⠄ ⠗⠓⠃⠇⠱ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇ ⠘⠱⠯⠻ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇⠅⠄ ⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠎⠊ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠂⠉⠝⠱ ⠍⠝⠇⠗⠈⠝⠚⠝ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠅⠹ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠘⠇⠚⠏⠂⠗⠻⠅ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗⠻⠞ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠳⠓⠻⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠘⠱⠯⠱⠅ ⠛⠻⠞ ⠝⠱⠙⠅ ⠐⠗⠞⠻⠗⠻⠈⠅⠞ ⠘⠇⠚⠏⠂⠗⠻⠅ ⠉⠉⠅⠻ ⠞⠇⠫ ⠂⠮⠂⠝⠻⠅ ⠛⠻⠞ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠗⠼ ⠓⠇⠜ ⠡⠅ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍ ⠞⠻⠝ ⠘⠱⠛⠍⠄ ⠃⠱⠾⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠏⠓⠻⠇⠍⠄ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠐⠗⠈⠝⠞⠈⠗⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗ ⠗⠓⠅⠡⠅ ⠙⠇⠎⠗⠍⠄ ⠎⠍⠎⠱⠍⠽⠻⠅ ⠉⠈⠗⠉⠱(⠾⠅ ⠩⠇)  ⠞⠄⠎⠗⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻/⠘⠇⠚⠏⠂⠗⠻ ⠛⠻⠞

 

⠙⠍⠈⠩⠽ ⠎⠊⠉⠱⠗⠍⠄ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅⠄ ⠚⠛⠚⠻⠽⠱⠗ ⠅⠗⠍⠄ ⠃⠫ ⠏⠅⠣ ⠘⠃⠍⠻⠅⠱ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠧⠱⠓ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠎⠄ ⠅⠓⠝⠱⠊ ⠐⠗⠞⠻⠩⠽⠇⠈⠅⠞⠻ ⠝⠊ ⠓⠳⠞ ⠫⠇⠍ ⠅⠡ ⠚⠾ ⠚⠾⠻⠝⠅ ⠝⠱⠉⠎⠊ ⠚⠊ ⠍⠱⠾⠻⠅ ⠎⠂⠛⠈⠝⠮ ⠇⠄⠃ ⠉⠱⠓⠅⠞ ⠓⠂⠧⠳ ⠓⠂⠝⠅⠱ ⠎⠘⠓⠅ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠍⠮⠄⠩ ⠈⠎⠏⠄⠩⠇  ⠎⠓⠱⠽⠅ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠡⠅

 

⠍⠄⠮⠄⠩ ⠅⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠻⠞ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍ ⠓⠇⠜⠞⠇ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠈⠝⠉⠇⠅⠄ ⠎⠈⠗⠧⠱⠬⠻⠼ ⠧⠻⠅⠱⠎⠍⠄ ⠅⠈⠞⠞⠄⠅ ⠎⠓⠱⠽⠅ ⠓⠳⠞ ⠎⠄ ⠂⠧ ⠃⠇⠱ ⠙⠻⠝⠄ ⠃⠞⠱⠌⠞ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠳⠞⠧⠱ ⠝⠻⠈⠩⠉⠻⠞ ⠚⠄ ⠾⠄⠇⠻⠘⠻⠚⠝⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠝⠻⠽⠍⠻⠞ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠗⠼⠎⠊ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠅⠄ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠃⠇⠇⠻ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠘⠱⠯⠱ ⠽⠱⠙ ⠙⠻⠽⠃⠅⠞ ⠗⠓⠅⠞⠅

 

 

२.⠎⠊⠏⠱⠙⠅⠻⠽ (⠧⠈⠗⠯: ⠍⠱⠎: ⠐⠗⠊⠅:१५)

⠍⠱⠈⠝⠽⠧⠗,

⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠅ ⠝⠧ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ (⠐⠗⠊⠅ १५, ⠙⠻⠝⠱⠊⠅ ⠐⠗⠛⠈⠎⠞ ⠎⠈⠝ २००८) ⠏⠈⠃⠇⠻⠩ ⠘⠁ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠇⠭⠛ ⠅⠗⠃ http://www.videha.co.in |

⠳⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠍⠄ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻⠅ ⠝⠱⠾⠅  ⠝⠇ ⠳⠊⠈⠾⠗⠻: ⠍⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠻⠩ ⠐⠗⠈⠝⠞⠻⠍ ⠨⠄⠏ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠛⠛⠄ ⠛⠂⠊⠚⠝ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠂⠁ ⠧⠻⠈⠎⠍⠍⠞ ⠅⠧⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠚⠻ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠏⠈⠙⠽ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠉⠝ ⠚⠻, ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠙⠻⠏, ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠏⠱⠇⠝ ⠴⠱ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠏⠊⠅⠚ ⠏⠗⠱⠩⠗ ⠂⠁ ⠏⠗⠍ ⠈⠩⠗⠈⠙⠮⠄⠽ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠍⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓⠚⠻⠅ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠱⠽⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠚⠻⠅ ⠜⠈⠝⠾⠗⠈⠧⠽⠃ ⠇⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠫⠭. ⠩⠻⠧⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠙ ⠽⠱⠙⠧⠲ ⠞⠅⠗ ⠙⠇⠎⠗ ⠘⠱⠛ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠂⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇ ⠾⠻.⠧⠻⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽⠈⠅⠗⠍⠅ ⠧⠻⠯⠽⠍⠄ ⠧⠻⠧⠗⠼ ⠙⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠹⠻ ⠚⠻⠞⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠚⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠘⠈⠅⠞⠻-⠛⠻⠞ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠂⠞ ⠅⠳⠝⠄ ⠡⠹⠻ ⠚⠻⠞⠍⠇⠓⠝⠚⠻⠲

⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻⠚⠻ ⠏⠈⠙⠽, ⠃⠱⠇⠱⠝⠱⠊⠅⠍⠞⠄ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠙⠄⠧⠻⠚⠻ ⠩⠍⠊⠨⠇⠱, ⠃⠱⠇⠱⠝⠱⠊⠅⠍⠞⠄ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗⠅⠇⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠎⠓⠈⠎⠗⠃⠱⠐⠻⠝⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠱⠙ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠂⠞ ⠅⠳⠝⠄ ⠡⠹⠻⠲

⠩⠄⠯ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠽⠻ ⠈⠎⠞⠊⠘ ⠽⠹⠱⠧⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠐⠗⠏⠝⠄⠅ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠂⠁ ⠈⠏⠗⠞⠻⠈⠅⠗⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠞⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱⠍⠄⠲ ⠧⠗⠻⠈⠯⠺ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅⠱⠗ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠓⠈⠎⠞⠇⠻⠨⠻⠞ ⠗⠃⠏⠍⠄ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠝⠻⠉⠱⠌ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠏⠞⠱ ⠏⠗ ⠏⠺⠱ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲

 ⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗

३८९, ⠏⠭⠅⠄⠾-⠎⠻, ⠎⠄⠈⠅⠾⠗-, ⠃⠎⠈⠝⠞⠅⠂⠊⠚,⠝⠧ ⠙⠄⠓⠇⠻-११००७०.

ggajendra@videha.co.in  ggajendra@yahoo.co.in

                         ३.⠎⠊⠙⠄⠩

१.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠇. ⠔⠙⠽ ⠝⠱⠗⠱⠽⠼ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ "⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱"- ⠚⠄ ⠅⠱⠚ ⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌ ⠅⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠻ ⠞⠅⠗ ⠉⠗⠉⠱ ⠳⠅ ⠙⠻⠝ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠘⠱⠯⠱⠅ ⠜⠞⠻⠓⠱⠎⠍⠄ ⠓⠇⠳⠞⠲ ⠂⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠱⠝⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠚⠄ ⠳⠞⠄⠅ ⠛⠇⠾ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠚⠈⠗⠝⠇⠅⠄⠌ ⠏⠐⠻⠻ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠹⠻⠲

२.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠫⠭. ⠛⠊⠛⠄⠩ ⠛⠂⠊⠚⠝- "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠚⠈⠗⠝⠇ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠲ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠉⠈⠙⠽⠇⠛⠻⠅⠻ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠔⠏⠽⠇⠛ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠈⠎⠞⠂⠈⠞⠽ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠱⠎ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠙⠄⠧⠝⠱⠛⠗⠻⠍⠄ ⠾⠱⠜⠏ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠍⠄ ⠳⠓⠻ ६५ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠔⠍⠗⠻⠍⠄ ⠅⠈⠯⠾ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠙⠄⠧⠝⠱⠛⠗⠻ ⠾⠱⠜⠏ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠍⠄ ⠍⠙⠞⠻ ⠙⠄⠝⠱⠜ ⠎⠈⠍⠏⠱⠙⠅, "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠅⠄⠗ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠙⠱⠽⠻⠈⠞⠧⠲

३.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠱⠈⠩⠗⠽ ⠴⠱ "⠗⠱⠍⠗⠊⠛"- "⠐⠗⠏⠝⠱" ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱⠎⠌ ⠎⠊⠃⠊⠮⠻⠞...⠧⠻⠯⠽ ⠧⠈⠎⠞⠂⠎⠌ ⠐⠗⠧⠛⠞ ⠘⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌⠲...⠩⠄⠯ ⠎⠘ ⠅⠂⠩⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

४.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠃⠗⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠈⠞⠗⠻⠏⠱⠺⠻, ⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽ ⠐⠗⠅⠱⠙⠍⠻- ⠜⠊⠾⠗⠝⠄⠾ ⠏⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠏⠱⠈⠅⠯⠻⠅ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠅⠄⠗ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠃⠱⠮⠱⠊ ⠂⠁ ⠩⠂⠘⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠈⠎⠧⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠅⠗⠃⠲

५.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠖⠂⠈⠇⠇⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ "⠍⠉⠝"- ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠏⠱⠈⠅⠯⠻⠅ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠎⠍⠱⠉⠱⠗ ⠚⠱⠝⠻ ⠅⠝⠄⠅ ⠉⠅⠻⠞ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠃⠄⠎⠻ ⠂⠈⠓⠇⠱⠙⠻⠞ ⠘⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌⠲ ⠅⠱⠇⠉⠈⠅⠗⠅⠄⠌ ⠏⠅ड़ ⠚⠱⠓⠻ ⠙⠃⠗⠙⠍⠈⠯⠾⠻⠅ ⠏⠗⠻⠉⠽ ⠙⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌, ⠌⠓⠻ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠍⠊⠛⠇⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱⠲

६.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠫⠭. ⠩⠻⠧⠈⠏⠗⠎⠱⠙ ⠽⠱⠙⠧- ⠚⠱⠝⠻ ⠐⠗⠏⠱⠗ ⠓⠈⠗⠯ ⠘⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠄ ⠝⠧ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱-⠈⠅⠗⠱⠈⠝⠞⠻⠅ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠅⠱⠗⠻⠞⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠄⠩ ⠙⠻⠐⠗⠳⠃⠱⠅ ⠎⠱⠓⠎⠻⠅ ⠅⠙⠍ ⠔⠺⠱⠌⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠅⠱⠗⠻⠞⠱⠍⠄ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠝⠧ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠛⠅ ⠓⠍ ⠈⠎⠧⠱⠛⠞ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠻, ⠎⠊⠛⠓⠻ "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠎⠖⠇⠞⠱⠅ ⠩⠂⠘⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱⠲

७.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠂⠈⠙⠽⠱⠉⠗⠼ ⠴⠱- ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠏⠈⠞⠗-⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝- ⠞⠱⠓⠃⠍⠄ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠍⠄ ⠅⠄ ⠅⠞⠄⠅ ⠎⠓⠽⠇⠛ ⠅⠗⠞⠱⠓- ⠞⠁ ⠘⠧⠻⠈⠯⠽ ⠅⠓⠞⠲ ⠓⠍⠗ ८८ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠍⠄ ७५ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠘⠧ ⠗⠓⠇⠲ ⠳⠞⠄⠅ ⠏⠅⠣ ⠍⠓⠱⠝ ⠽⠈⠚⠒⠍⠄ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠈⠩⠗⠈⠙⠮⠱⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠂⠓⠂⠞⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠏⠞ ⠓⠇⠽⠞- ⠽⠱⠧⠞ ⠺⠻⠅-⠺⠱⠅ ⠡⠻/ ⠗⠓⠃⠲

८.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠧⠻⠚⠽ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗, ⠍⠻⠩⠻⠛⠝ ⠧⠻⠈⠩⠧⠧⠻⠈⠙⠽⠱⠇⠽- "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠓⠂⠌, ⠎⠈⠍⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠾⠻⠍ ⠃⠮⠱⠊⠅ ⠏⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠍⠊⠛⠇ ⠘⠧⠻⠈⠯⠽ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠩⠂⠘⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠈⠎⠧⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱⠌⠲

९. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠎⠂⠘⠱⠯⠉⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠽⠱⠙⠧- -⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠃⠱⠗⠄⠍⠄ ⠚⠱⠝⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠈⠝⠝⠞⠱ ⠘⠄⠇⠲ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠝⠻⠗⠈⠝⠞⠗ ⠏⠈⠇⠇⠧⠻⠞-⠏⠂⠈⠯⠏⠻⠞ ⠓⠇ ⠂⠁ ⠉⠞⠂⠈⠗⠙⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠎⠂⠛⠊⠮ ⠏⠎⠱⠗⠽ ⠎⠄ ⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

१०.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠙⠻⠏- -⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠎⠖⠇⠞⠱⠅ ⠘⠛⠧⠞⠻⠎⠌ ⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱⠲ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠓⠽⠇⠛ ⠗⠓⠞⠲

११.⠫⠭. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠘⠻⠍⠝⠱⠹ ⠴⠱- ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠜⠈⠝⠾⠗⠝⠄⠾ ⠏⠗ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠞⠄⠌ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ ⠝⠱⠍ ⠔⠉⠻⠞ ⠂⠗ ⠅⠞⠄⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠧⠻⠧⠗⠼ ⠘⠳ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠂⠜-⠅⠱⠈⠇⠓⠻ ⠍⠇⠝⠍⠄ ⠔⠈⠙⠧⠄⠛ ⠗⠓⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠓⠽⠇⠛ ⠙⠄⠃⠲

१२.⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠍⠘⠗⠇⠎ ⠅⠱⠏ड़ ⠈⠘⠗⠍⠗, ⠚⠝⠅⠏⠂⠗⠮⠱⠍- "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠝⠇⠱⠜⠝ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠻⠲ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅⠄⠌ ⠐⠗⠈⠝⠞⠈⠗⠗⠱⠈⠯⠈⠾⠗⠻⠽ ⠚⠛⠞⠍⠄ ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌ ⠞⠅⠗⠱ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠓⠱⠈⠗⠙⠻⠅ ⠃⠮⠱⠊⠲ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱ ⠗⠈⠞⠝ ⠎⠘⠅ ⠎⠊⠅⠇⠝ ⠐⠗⠏⠃⠈⠗⠧⠲ ⠝⠄⠏⠱⠇⠇⠅ ⠎⠓⠽⠇⠛ ⠘⠄⠾⠞ ⠎⠄ ⠧⠻⠈⠩⠧⠱⠎ ⠅⠗⠻⠲

१३. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠗⠱⠚⠝⠈⠝⠙⠝ ⠇⠱⠇⠙⠱⠎- ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ -⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅ ⠍⠱⠈⠮⠽⠍⠎⠌ ड़ ⠝⠻⠅ ⠅⠱⠚ ⠅⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠻, ⠝⠱⠞⠻⠅ ⠳⠓⠻⠺⠱⠍ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠓⠂⠌⠲ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠧⠱⠈⠗⠯⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠈⠏⠗⠻ ⠝⠻⠅⠱⠇⠃ ⠞⠌ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠏⠺⠱⠽⠃⠲ ⠅⠇⠅⠈⠞⠞⠱⠍⠄ ⠃⠓⠂⠞ ⠛⠇⠾⠄⠅⠄⠌ ⠓⠍ ⠎⠱⠜⠾⠅ ⠏⠞⠱ ⠇⠻⠨⠱⠳ ⠙⠄⠝⠄ ⠡⠻⠽⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠍⠇⠝ ⠞⠌ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻ ⠂⠃⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠂⠩⠻⠈⠗⠧⠱⠙ ⠙⠅⠞⠓⠂⠌, ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠔⠍⠗ ⠂⠃ ⠃⠄⠩⠻ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠩⠂⠘⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠙⠄⠩-⠧⠻⠙⠄⠩⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠅⠄⠌ ⠚⠇ड़⠃⠱⠅ ⠇⠄⠇⠲

१४. ⠫⠭. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠍⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓- "⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓" ⠝⠻⠠⠈⠎⠧⠱⠈⠗⠹ ⠍⠱⠞⠍⠘⠱⠯⠱⠝⠂⠗⠱⠛⠎⠌ ⠈⠏⠗⠄⠗⠻⠞ ⠡⠻,  ⠳⠅⠗ ⠝⠻⠍⠻⠈⠞⠞ ⠚⠄ ⠓⠍⠗ ⠎⠄⠧⠱⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠚⠝ ⠓⠇, ⠞⠌ ⠎⠃⠉⠻⠞ ⠅⠗⠻⠲

(c)२००८. ⠎⠈⠗⠧⠱⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠇⠄⠨⠅⠱⠮⠻⠝ ⠚⠞⠽ ⠇⠄⠨⠅⠅ ⠝⠱⠍ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠞⠞⠽ ⠎⠊⠏⠱⠙⠅⠱⠮⠻⠝⠲

⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ (⠏⠱⠈⠅⠯⠻⠅) ⠎⠊⠏⠱⠙⠅- ⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗⠲ ⠳⠞⠽ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠎⠘⠅ ⠅⠭⠏⠻⠗⠱⠜⠾ ⠇⠄⠨⠅ ⠇⠇⠅⠝⠻⠅ ⠇⠛⠍⠄ ⠗⠓⠞⠈⠝⠓⠻, ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅/ ⠂⠈⠗⠅⠱⠜⠧⠅/ ⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻-⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠱⠙⠅ -⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝/ ⠂⠈⠗⠅⠱⠜⠧⠅ ⠐⠗⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠡⠅⠅⠲ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅⠱⠗ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠍⠉⠇⠻⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠐⠗⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ (⠚⠅⠗ ⠍⠉⠇⠻⠅⠞⠱⠅ ⠎⠊⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠔⠈⠞⠞⠗⠙⠱⠽⠻⠈⠞⠧ ⠇⠄⠨⠅ ⠛⠼⠅ ⠍⠈⠮⠽ ⠡⠈⠝⠓⠻) ggajendra@yahoo.co.in ⠂⠅⠻ ggajendra@videha.co.in ⠅⠄⠌ ⠍⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠾⠅⠉⠍⠄⠈⠼⠾⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠍⠄⠌ .doc, .docx .txt ⠖⠭⠈⠗⠍⠄⠾⠍⠄ ⠏⠺⠱ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅ ⠎⠊⠛ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅⠱⠗ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠎⠊⠈⠅⠯⠻⠈⠏⠞ ⠏⠗⠻⠉⠽ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠈⠎⠅⠅⠝ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠖⠇⠾⠇ ⠏⠺⠄⠞⠱⠓, ⠎⠄ ⠂⠩⠱ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠻⠲ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠞⠍⠄ ⠾⠱⠜⠏ ⠗⠓⠽, ⠚⠄ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ⠍⠉⠇⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠂⠁ ⠏⠓⠻⠇ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓ (⠏⠱⠈⠅⠯⠻⠅) ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠍⠄⠇ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠏⠞ ⠓⠇⠽⠃⠱⠅ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠽⠹⠱⠎⠊⠘⠧ ⠩⠻⠈⠣⠗ ( ⠎⠱⠞ ⠙⠻⠝⠅ ⠘⠻⠞⠗) ⠳⠅⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠅ ⠎⠃⠉⠝⠱ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞⠲ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠏⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠍⠞⠻ ⠇⠈⠅⠈⠯⠍⠻ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠍⠱⠎⠅ 1 15 ⠞⠻⠹⠻⠅⠄⠌ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

१. ⠝⠱⠾⠅ 

⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠔⠙⠽ ⠝⠱⠗⠱⠽⠼ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱ ⠚⠈⠝⠍-१९५१ . ⠅⠇⠅⠈⠞⠞⠱⠍⠄⠲ १९६६ ⠍⠄ १५ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠔⠈⠍⠗⠍⠄ ⠏⠓⠻⠇ ⠅⠱⠈⠧⠽ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓ ⠅⠧⠽⠇ ⠧⠙⠈⠝⠞⠻ १९७१ ⠐⠗⠍⠍⠞⠈⠎⠽ ⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗⠱⠠ (⠅⠧⠻⠞⠱ ⠎⠊⠅⠇⠝) ⠂⠁ ⠝⠱⠽⠅⠅ ⠝⠱⠍ ⠚⠻⠧⠝ (⠝⠱⠾⠅)| १९७४ ⠍⠄ ⠳⠅ ⠡⠇ ⠗⠱⠚⠱/ ⠝⠱⠾⠅⠅ ⠇⠄⠇ (⠝⠱⠾⠅) १९७६-७७ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠞⠽⠱⠧⠈⠗⠈⠞⠞⠝/ ⠗⠱⠍⠇⠻⠇⠱(⠝⠱⠾⠅) १९७८⠍⠄ ⠚⠝⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠐⠗⠈⠝⠽ ⠳⠅⠱⠊⠅⠻⠲ १९८१ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠈⠞⠞⠗⠼(⠅⠧⠻⠞⠱-⠎⠊⠅⠇⠝) १९८८ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠽⠊⠧⠙⠱ (⠝⠱⠾⠻⠅⠱) १९९७-⠗⠧⠻⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠝⠱⠹⠅ ⠃⠱⠇-⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽(⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠱⠙) १९९८ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠅⠍⠞⠻- ⠂⠮⠂⠝⠻⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠅⠧⠻⠞⠱⠅ ⠃⠊⠛⠇⠱⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠱⠙, ⠎⠊⠛⠓⠻ ⠃⠊⠛⠇⠱⠍⠄ ⠙⠃⠾⠱ ⠅⠧⠻⠞⠱ ⠎⠊⠅⠇⠝⠲ १९९९ ⠐⠗⠈⠩⠗⠂ ⠏⠗⠻⠓⠱⠎ २००२ ⠨⠱⠍ ⠨⠄⠽⠱⠇⠻ २००६⠍⠄ ⠍⠈⠮⠽⠍⠏⠂⠗⠂⠯ ⠳⠅⠧⠉⠝(⠅⠧⠻⠞⠱ ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓⠲ ⠘⠱⠯⠱-⠧⠻⠈⠚⠒⠱⠝⠅ ⠈⠅⠯⠄⠈⠞⠗⠍⠄ ⠙⠎⠾⠱ ⠏⠇⠹⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠙⠃ ⠎⠽⠎⠌ ⠃⠄⠩⠻ ⠩⠇⠮-⠏⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞⠲ १४ ⠾⠱ ⠏⠻.⠳⠉.⠫⠻. ⠂⠁ २९ ⠾⠱ ⠳⠍.⠖⠻⠇. ⠩⠇⠮-⠅⠈⠗⠍⠅ ⠙⠻⠩⠱ ⠝⠻⠈⠗⠙⠄⠩⠲ ड़⠉⠙⠱, ⠎⠃⠗⠞, ⠙⠻⠈⠇⠇⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠓⠅⠙⠗⠱⠃⠱⠙ ⠧⠻.⠧⠻.⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠈⠮⠽⠱⠏⠝⠲ ⠎⠊⠈⠏⠗⠞⠻ ⠝⠻⠙⠄⠩⠅, ⠅⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠻⠽ ⠘⠱⠗⠞⠻⠽ ⠘⠱⠯⠱ ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝, ⠍⠅⠎⠃⠗⠲

 ⠝⠇ ⠳⠊⠈⠾⠗⠻ : ⠍⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠻⠩

                                             (⠉⠱⠗⠻-⠐⠗⠊⠅⠻⠽ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠝⠱⠾⠅)

⠝⠱⠾⠅⠅⠱⠗ ⠔⠙⠽ ⠝⠱⠗⠱⠽⠼ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱ ⠝⠻⠙⠄⠩⠅, ⠅⠄⠊⠈⠙⠗⠻⠽ ⠘⠱⠗⠞⠻⠽ ⠘⠱⠯⠱ ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝, ⠍⠅⠎⠃⠗

(⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽⠅ ⠎⠂⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠛⠮⠈⠗⠍⠻ ⠝⠱⠾⠅⠅⠱⠗ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠝⠉⠻⠅⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻⠅ ⠾⠾⠅⠱ ⠝⠱⠾⠅, ⠚⠄ ⠧⠻⠛⠞ २५ ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠍⠉⠝ ⠘⠊⠛⠅ ⠏⠈⠩⠉⠱⠈⠞ ⠏⠱⠺⠅⠅ ⠎⠈⠍⠍⠂⠨ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠎⠞⠂⠞ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲)

⠉⠱⠗⠻⠍ ⠅⠈⠇⠇⠇⠇⠅ ⠏⠓⠻⠇ ⠨⠄⠏  ⠚⠱⠗⠻....⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠅ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠉⠉⠙⠓⠍ ⠐⠗⠊⠅ १५ ⠚⠂⠇⠱⠊ २००८ ⠎⠌⠲

                     ⠝⠇ ⠳⠊⠈⠾⠗⠻ : ⠍⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠧⠻⠩

⠉⠱⠗⠻⠍ ⠅⠈⠇⠇⠇⠇ ⠏⠓⠻⠇ ⠨⠄⠏

⠉⠞⠂⠈⠗⠹ ⠅⠈⠇⠇⠇⠇

 

 [⠚⠄⠝⠱-⠚⠄⠝⠱ ⠍⠊⠉ ⠏⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩ ⠔⠚⠱⠛⠗ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠙⠄⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞ ⠚⠄ ⠽⠍⠗⠱⠚ ⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗⠛⠂⠈⠏⠞⠅ ⠗⠚⠻⠈⠯⠾⠗ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠉⠄⠅⠻⠊⠛ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠃⠱⠌⠅⠻ ⠎⠃ ⠛⠇⠾⠄ ⠎⠩⠊⠅ ⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗ ⠇⠳ ⠺⠱⠿⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠅⠻⠡⠂⠽⠄ ⠙⠄⠗ ⠍⠄ ⠽⠍⠗⠱⠚⠅ ⠎⠃⠾⠱ ⠉⠄⠅⠻⠊⠛ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠝⠻⠲ ⠗⠚⠻⠈⠯⠾⠗ ⠏⠗ ⠎⠌ ⠍⠂⠻⠻ ⠔⠺⠉⠝⠄ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠉⠈⠩⠍⠱ ⠅⠄⠌ ⠨⠇⠇⠅⠞ ⠝⠊⠙⠻ ⠅⠄⠌ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠜⠩⠱⠗⠱ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲]

⠝⠊⠙⠻      :     (⠎⠻⠝⠱ ⠞⠱⠝⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠍⠇⠄⠈⠾⠗⠻⠅ ⠅⠈⠏⠞⠱⠝ ⠚⠅⠱⠌ ⠔⠈⠉⠉ ⠈⠎⠧⠗⠍⠄) ⠎⠃ ⠈⠅⠽⠇ ⠎⠂⠝⠅....

⠘⠍⠊⠛⠻      :     (⠂⠗ ⠚⠇⠗ ⠎⠌) ⠎⠂⠝⠃....⠎⠂⠝⠃...⠎⠝⠃- -- !

⠝⠊⠙⠻       :    (⠂⠙⠄⠩ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻) ⠂⠛⠄ ⠙⠄⠨⠄⠛⠱....! ⠂⠛⠄ ⠙⠄⠨ !

                             (⠅⠓⠅⠞ ⠙⠄⠗⠻ ⠎⠃ ⠈⠅⠽⠇ ⠐⠗⠛⠂⠂ ⠅⠳ ⠎⠉⠄⠞ ⠘⠄⠝⠄ ⠎⠱⠍⠝⠄ ⠙⠄⠨⠅ ⠇⠱⠛⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻ ; ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠽⠍⠗⠱⠚ ⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗⠛⠂⠈⠏⠞ ⠧⠻⠈⠩⠗⠱⠈⠝⠞⠻⠅ ⠍⠂⠈⠙⠗⠱ ⠍⠄ ⠡⠹⠻⠲)

⠘⠍⠊⠛⠻      :     (⠚⠄ ⠳⠅-⠙⠃ ⠛⠇⠾⠄ ⠘⠃⠇ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠹⠻ ⠓⠂⠝⠅⠱ ⠎⠈⠍⠓⠱⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻---) ⠓⠄ ⠽⠃ ! ⠈⠎⠾⠅⠊⠫ ⠜⠗⠄⠈⠅⠾... ⠈⠎⠾⠅⠊⠫ ⠜⠝ ⠗⠇ ! (⠚⠄ ⠅⠝⠄⠅⠇ ⠾⠄⠿़-⠣⠇⠊⠉ ⠚⠅⠱⠌ ⠺⠱⠿ ⠡⠇⠱⠓, ⠎⠄ ⠎⠇⠴ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠹⠻, ⠎⠉⠄⠞ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠇⠛⠅⠡ ⠚⠄⠝⠱ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠙⠈⠗⠩⠅ ⠙⠻⠎⠻ ⠍⠂⠌⠓ ⠅⠅⠝⠄ ⠺⠱⠿⠏⠊⠈⠅⠞⠻ ⠃⠝⠱ ⠝⠄⠝⠄ ⠓⠇⠹⠻⠲)

⠝⠊⠙⠻     :            (⠏⠂⠝⠠ ⠎⠄⠝⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠂⠙⠄⠩ ⠙⠄⠃⠱⠅ ⠈⠎⠧⠗ ⠍⠄) ⠎⠱--⠮⠱-! (⠎⠃ ⠈⠅⠽⠇ ⠎⠱⠧⠮⠱⠝ ⠐⠗⠈⠗⠹⠱⠈⠞ ⠐⠗⠾⠄⠝⠩⠝ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠘⠊⠛⠻⠍⠱ ⠍⠄ ⠺⠱⠿ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲) ⠧⠻-⠈⠩⠗⠱-! (⠎⠃ ⠈⠅⠽⠇ ⠧⠻⠈⠩⠗⠱⠍ ⠐⠗⠧⠈⠎⠹⠱⠍⠄ ⠂⠃⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲)

⠘⠍⠊⠛⠻     :      (⠙⠓⠻⠝⠱ ⠙⠻⠎⠻ ⠍⠱⠈⠗⠉ ⠅⠳ ⠉⠇⠃⠱⠅ ⠂⠙⠄⠩ ⠙⠅⠞) ⠙⠱⠓⠻⠝⠄ ⠍⠂⠻⠄⠛⠱--⠙⠱⠓⠻⠝⠄ ⠍⠇⠻ ! (⠎⠘ ⠈⠅⠽⠇ ⠞⠈⠞⠈⠅⠯⠼ ⠙⠓⠻⠝⠱ ⠙⠻⠎⠻ ⠣⠂⠗⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲)

 

⠝⠊⠙⠻     :      (⠂⠙⠄⠩ ⠅⠗⠅⠞) ⠂⠛⠄ ⠃⠿⠄⠛⠱ ! -⠛⠄-- ⠃⠿ ! (⠎⠃ ⠈⠅⠽⠇ ⠃⠿ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲) ⠳⠅-⠙⠇-⠳⠅-⠙⠇-⠳⠅-⠙⠇-⠳⠅ ! ⠳⠅ ! ⠳⠅ !

                            

[⠎⠃ ⠛⠇⠾⠄ ⠍⠱⠈⠗⠉ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠍⠊⠉⠅ ⠙⠓⠻⠝⠱ ⠙⠻⠎⠻ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠽⠍⠗⠱⠚-⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗⠛⠂⠈⠏⠞ ⠅⠄⠌ ⠏⠱⠗ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠎⠊⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠍⠊⠉⠅ ⠂⠛⠱⠌ ⠎⠌ ⠏⠱⠡⠱⠌ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠣⠂⠗⠻ ⠃⠱⠍ ⠙⠻⠎⠻ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠏⠂⠝⠠ ⠚⠄ ⠚⠞⠽ ⠡⠇ ⠞⠈⠞⠞⠓⠻ ⠂⠃⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠞⠨⠝⠓⠻ ⠘⠍⠊⠛⠻⠅ ⠈⠎⠧⠗ ⠎⠂⠝⠇ ⠚⠱⠜⠡ ⠓⠭⠈⠇⠾ ⠎⠃ ⠹⠈⠍⠓⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠹⠻.... ⠝⠓⠻ ⠝⠊⠙⠻ ⠳⠅ - ⠙⠇ ⠉⠇⠻⠽⠄ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠇⠲]

⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗⠛⠂⠈⠏⠞    :    (⠎⠘⠅ ⠍⠱⠈⠗⠉ ⠎⠍⠱⠈⠏⠞ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠅ ⠃⠱⠙) ⠔⠏⠈⠎⠹⠻⠞ ⠈⠏⠗⠈⠞⠽⠄⠅ ⠈⠧⠽⠈⠅⠞⠻ ⠎⠌ ⠓⠍ ⠅⠓⠅ ⠉⠱⠓⠅⠞ ⠡⠻⠽⠝⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠳⠞ ⠔⠏⠈⠎⠹⠻⠞ ⠎⠃ ⠈⠅⠽⠇ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠍⠃⠇ ⠮⠱⠗⠼⠱⠅ ⠩⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠡⠹⠻⠎⠘⠅ ⠍⠇⠝ ⠍⠄ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠈⠘⠗⠍ ⠡⠝⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠏⠍⠈⠹⠧⠻ ⠏⠗ ⠎⠌ ⠳⠞⠽ ⠳⠅ ⠃⠄⠗⠻ ⠂⠃⠻  ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠅ ⠍⠞⠇⠃⠄ ⠜⠽⠅⠓ ⠚⠄ ⠂⠃ ⠈⠎⠧⠈⠗⠛⠅ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗ ⠍⠄ ⠂⠃⠻ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠂⠃ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠞⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱ ⠅⠗⠅ ⠏⠻⠞⠝⠻... ⠮⠻⠗⠚ ⠇⠄⠞⠱⠓ ⠞⠅⠗ ⠃⠱⠙⠄ ⠎⠘⠅⠄⠌ ⠘⠄⠾⠞⠝⠻ ⠏⠂⠗⠈⠎⠅⠱⠗ ⠚⠅⠗⠱ ⠇⠄⠇ ⠅⠞⠄⠅⠇ ⠈⠩⠗⠍ ,⠅⠞⠄⠅⠇ ⠅⠈⠯⠾⠎⠃⠾⠱ ⠈⠎⠧⠻⠅⠱⠈⠗⠽ ⠚⠱⠜⠡⠲

⠝⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻    :     (⠂⠈⠩⠉⠈⠗⠽ ⠓⠇⠜⠞) ⠞⠨⠝ ⠅⠻ ⠎⠃⠾⠱ ⠈⠘⠗⠍ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠡⠇, ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠘⠃⠇ ⠮⠱⠗⠼⠱ ⠡⠇---⠚⠄ ⠅⠓⠻⠽⠇ ⠎⠈⠞⠽ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ?

⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗⠛⠂⠈⠏⠞   :     ⠺⠻⠅ ⠃⠂⠴⠇⠓⠂⠌ ⠂⠃--- ⠎⠃⠾⠱ ⠈⠘⠗⠍ ⠡⠇⠲

⠝⠊⠙⠻      :     ⠎⠏⠝⠱ ⠝⠓⠻...

⠘⠍⠊⠛⠻     :      ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠃⠂⠴⠃⠱⠅ ⠙⠇⠯ ⠡⠇...            

⠧⠱⠍⠏⠊⠹⠻  :      ⠞⠨⠝ ⠙⠗⠃⠈⠚⠚⠱, ⠙⠗⠃⠈⠚⠚⠱ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠡⠇....⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠂⠝ ⠧⠈⠎⠞⠂ ⠡⠇....?

⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗⠛⠂⠈⠏⠞  :      ⠙⠗⠃⠈⠚⠚⠱ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠍⠱⠽⠱- ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠹⠻⠅....⠂⠊ ⠎⠌ ⠅⠞⠄⠅⠇ ⠽⠂⠛ ⠏⠓⠻⠝⠄ ⠨⠂⠚⠞⠇ ⠡⠇, ⠃⠊⠙⠇ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠡⠇...!

⠝⠄⠞⠱⠚⠻  :       ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠂⠃?

⠐⠗⠝⠂⠉⠗ 1 :      ⠂⠃ ⠝⠒⠻ ⠨⠂⠚⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠅⠻ ?

⠐⠗⠝⠉⠗ 2 :      ⠚⠌ ⠓⠍ ⠎⠃ ⠎⠱⠍⠝⠄ ⠚⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠞⠱⠗⠈⠎⠧⠗ ⠍⠄ ⠏⠂⠅⠱⠗⠻- ⠏⠂⠅⠱⠗⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠅⠓⠻—‘⠨⠂⠇⠻ ⠚⠇ ⠎⠻⠍⠎⠻⠈⠍ ⠞⠅⠽⠓⠂ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠓⠅⠞!

⠝⠊⠙⠻     :      ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠐⠗⠇⠻⠃⠱⠃⠱ ⠉⠱⠇⠻⠎ ⠉⠇⠗ ⠨⠻⠈⠎⠎⠱ ⠹⠻⠅ ⠹⠇⠻⠄

⠘⠍⠊⠛⠻    :       ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠮⠝-⠗⠈⠞⠝⠅ ⠛⠂⠖⠱ ⠹⠻⠅ ⠹⠇⠻⠄ !

⠧⠱⠍⠏⠊⠹⠻   :     ⠙⠗⠃⠈⠚⠚⠱⠅ ⠏⠱⠡⠱⠌ ⠡⠜ ⠅⠇⠝ ⠉⠻⠚ ?

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