VIDEHA:10:5:मैथिली : विदेह: पहिल बेर ब्रेलमे

 -⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗

⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠛⠱⠡

  ⠉⠻⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠚⠽⠇⠞⠻ ⠴⠱ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻

⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠍⠎⠇⠍⠱⠞ ⠡⠇⠻⠓ ⠓⠂⠝⠅⠱ ⠳⠅⠄⠾⠱ ⠃⠄⠾⠱ ⠡⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠡⠇ ⠃⠈⠫⠫ ⠉⠂⠈⠎⠞-⠉⠇⠱⠅⠲

⠳⠅ ⠙⠻⠝⠂⠅⠱ ⠛⠏ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠈⠎⠈⠞⠗⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠡⠇⠻⠓, ⠐⠗⠏⠝⠱ ⠃⠄⠾⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠃⠝⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠙⠄⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓⠲ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠃⠱⠇⠅⠅⠄⠌ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠃⠈⠫⠫ ⠝⠻⠅ ⠇⠛⠅⠞ ⠡⠇⠅⠅⠲ ⠎⠄ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠃⠄⠗ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠃⠱ड़⠻⠍⠄ ⠗⠇⠏⠻ ⠙⠄⠇⠅⠲ ⠌⠞⠳ ⠛⠱⠡ ⠝⠻⠅⠇⠻ ⠂⠳⠇⠲ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠛⠱⠡, ⠝⠒⠻ ⠙⠄⠨⠇ ⠝⠄ ⠎⠂⠝⠇⠲

⠍⠱⠽ ⠃⠄⠾⠱ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠛⠱⠡⠅ ⠨⠃⠃ ⠎⠄⠧⠱ ⠅⠗⠳ ⠇⠛⠇⠱⠓⠲ ⠅⠝⠄⠅ ⠙⠻⠝⠍⠄ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠛⠱⠡⠍⠄ ⠨⠃⠃ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ड़ ⠇⠱⠛⠇⠲ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠛⠱⠡ ⠏⠗ ⠉⠐⠻⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠞⠇ड़ ⠅⠳ ⠨⠱⠜⠞ ⠗⠓⠅⠞ ⠡⠇⠲

⠳⠅ ⠙⠻⠝⠂⠅⠱ ⠛⠏ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠫⠱⠜⠝ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱ ⠗⠈⠎⠞⠱⠎⠌ ⠚⠱ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠇⠲ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠍⠝⠂⠈⠅⠨⠅ ⠍⠎⠂⠂⠜ ⠃⠝⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠨⠱⠽⠍⠄ ⠃⠈⠫⠫ ⠝⠻⠅ ⠇⠛⠅⠞ ⠗⠓⠅⠅⠲ ⠎⠄ ⠚⠄ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠛⠱⠡ ⠏⠗ ⠉⠐⠻⠇ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠅, ⠞⠌ ⠌⠅⠗ ⠍⠇⠝ ⠇⠂⠎⠖⠂⠎ ⠅⠗⠳ ⠇⠛⠇⠅⠅⠲ ⠂⠃ ⠃⠂⠈⠐⠻⠽⠱ ⠍⠇⠝⠎⠃⠃⠱ ⠃⠝⠃⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇ ⠚⠄ ⠅⠇⠝⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠖⠂⠎⠻⠽⠱⠃⠻ ⠳⠅⠗⠱ ⠣⠗ ⠚⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠍⠎⠂⠂⠜ ⠃⠝⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠨⠱⠜⠲

⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠐⠗⠎⠛⠗ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠇⠛ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠅⠓⠇⠅-

                         

⠃⠉⠂ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠙⠄⠃⠲ ⠃⠈⠫⠫ ⠘⠃⠨ ⠇⠱⠛⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠌⠅⠗ ⠓⠱⠹ ⠏⠗ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠙⠄⠃⠽ ⠇⠱⠛⠇⠲

 

⠃⠉⠂ ⠓⠍ ⠓⠱⠹⠎⠌ ⠅⠇⠝⠱ ⠇⠄⠃ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠓⠹⠱⠜⠝ ⠚⠱⠽⠞

⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠍⠱⠹ ⠏⠗ ⠗⠱⠨⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇⠲

⠓⠌ ⠓⠌ ⠍⠱⠹ ⠏⠗ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠗⠱⠨⠃⠲ ⠍⠹⠱⠜⠝ ⠚⠱⠽⠞

⠃⠈⠉⠉⠇ ⠡⠇ ⠙⠎ ⠃⠂⠮⠻⠽⠱⠗⠅ ⠳⠅ ⠃⠂⠮⠻⠽⠱⠗⠲ ⠨⠇⠜⠡⠍⠄ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠙⠄⠃⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇⠲

⠅⠻ ⠅⠗⠅⠞ ⠡⠻ ⠃⠉⠂⠲ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠨⠇⠌⠡⠱⠜⠝ ⠚⠱⠽⠞, ⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌ ⠴⠂⠅⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠃⠇⠗⠱⠍⠄ ⠙⠳ ⠙⠻⠐⠗

⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠞⠌ ⠡⠇ ⠛⠇⠝⠃ ⠴⠱⠅ ⠃⠂⠴⠃ ⠚⠄ ⠛⠇⠝⠃ ⠴⠱⠅ ⠍⠃⠇-⠛⠇⠈⠞⠗⠄⠅⠲

⠃⠱⠚⠇-

⠝⠒⠻ ⠛⠳ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱⠲ ⠞⠇⠌ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠃⠇⠗⠱⠍⠄ ⠃⠈⠝⠙ ⠅⠳ ⠘⠱⠛⠻ ⠚⠄⠍⠓⠲ ⠍⠱⠽ ⠓⠍⠗⠱ ⠺⠛ ⠎⠘⠎⠌ ⠎⠓⠉⠄⠞ ⠗⠓⠃⠱⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠅⠓⠝⠄ ⠐⠗⠡⠻

 

⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠇ ⠡⠇ ⠺⠛⠻⠝ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱⠲ ⠺⠅⠻ ⠖⠻⠎⠻⠽⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠃⠇⠇⠻-⠃⠱⠇⠻ ⠙⠳ ⠅⠳ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠍⠝⠱ ⠇⠄⠇⠅⠲ ⠚⠨⠝⠄ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠴⠂⠅⠇ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠃⠇⠗⠱⠍⠄ ⠅⠎⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠉⠇⠻ ⠙⠄⠇⠅⠲ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱ ⠗⠈⠎⠞⠱⠍⠄ ⠹⠱⠅⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠛⠱⠡⠅ ⠡⠓⠗⠻⠍⠄ ⠃⠅⠎⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠻⠲

⠅⠝⠄⠅ ⠅⠱⠇⠍⠄ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠂⠌⠨⠻ ⠇⠱⠛⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠅⠅⠲ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠍⠉⠅⠱ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠅⠇⠝⠓⠂⠝⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠃⠇⠗⠱⠎⠌ ⠃⠱⠓⠗ ⠃⠓⠗⠱ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠘⠻⠚⠇ ⠍⠱⠾⠻, ⠏⠱⠹⠗ ⠅⠱⠌⠾-⠅⠃⠎ ⠃⠇⠗⠱⠍⠄ ⠅⠳ ⠌⠓⠻⠝⠱ ⠃⠱⠈⠝⠓⠻ ⠅⠳ ड़ ⠛⠄⠇⠲

⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠎⠃⠞⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠔⠺⠇ ⠃⠇⠗⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠂⠛⠃ ⠃⠐⠻⠇ ⠞⠌ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠃⠇⠗⠱ ⠘⠗⠻⠛⠗ ⠃⠂⠴⠳⠇⠅⠅⠲ ⠍⠇⠝⠄-⠍⠇⠝ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠈⠝⠝ ⠛⠄⠇⠻ ⠎⠇⠉⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠓⠍⠈⠯⠾-⠏⠂⠈⠯⠾ ⠍⠎⠂⠂⠜ ⠨⠳⠃⠱⠅ ⠍⠉⠅⠱ ⠃⠓⠂⠞ ⠙⠻⠝ ⠏⠗ ⠘⠄⠾⠇ ⠡⠅⠅ ⠌⠅⠗⠱⠲ ⠗⠈⠎⠞⠱⠍⠄ ⠘⠻⠚⠇ ⠍⠱⠾⠻⠎⠌ ⠏⠱⠝⠻ ⠨⠎⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇ ⠞⠌ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠇⠛⠇⠅⠅ ⠚⠄ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠇⠛⠓⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠓⠇⠅ ⠚⠄-

⠍⠱⠹ ⠏⠗ ⠇⠓⠂⠩⠊⠅⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠓ ⠃⠉⠂⠲ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠃⠱⠞ ⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠣⠗ ⠏⠗ ⠞⠇⠓⠗ ⠍⠎⠂⠂⠜ ⠃⠝⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠨⠱⠽⠃ ⠓⠍

 

⠅⠝⠄⠅ ⠅⠱⠇⠅ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠅⠱⠌⠾ ⠛⠗⠳ ⠇⠛⠇⠅⠅ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱⠅⠄⠌⠲ ⠅⠓⠇⠅-

⠃⠉⠂⠲ ⠃⠻⠈⠾⠺⠃ ⠅⠱⠾⠻ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠃⠱⠞ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠅⠞⠄⠅ ⠅⠱⠇ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠅⠱⠾⠃

⠃⠂⠈⠐⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠃⠄⠾⠻ ⠡⠇⠅⠅⠲ ⠛⠱⠍ ⠏⠗ ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠅⠓⠇⠅, ⠚⠄ ⠂⠜ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠍⠇⠾-⠎⠇⠾ ⠩⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠃⠇⠗⠱⠍⠄⠲ ⠍⠱⠽ ⠃⠄⠾⠻ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠃⠇⠗⠱ ⠨⠇⠇⠇⠅ ⠞⠌ ⠝⠻⠅⠇⠇ ⠍⠱⠾⠻, ⠅⠱⠌⠾ ⠏⠱⠹⠗⠲ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠃⠱⠞ ⠝⠓⠻⠲

 

⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱ ⠘⠄⠯ ⠃⠙⠇⠻ ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉⠇ ⠖⠄⠗⠎⠌ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠛⠱⠡ ⠞⠗⠲

⠳⠓⠻ ⠃⠄⠗ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠝⠒⠻ ⠉⠻⠈⠝⠓⠻ ⠎⠅⠇⠲ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠴⠂⠅⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠃⠇⠗⠱⠍⠄ ⠙⠄⠃⠱⠅ ⠛⠏ ⠅⠓⠇⠅ ⠞⠌ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠂⠩⠊⠅⠱ ⠘⠄⠇⠅⠅⠲

⠛⠳ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱⠲ ⠞⠇⠌⠓⠻ ⠡⠌ ⠺⠛⠻⠝ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱

⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠎⠈⠏⠏⠞ ⠨⠳⠇⠅ ⠞⠌ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠴⠂⠅⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠃⠇⠗⠱⠍⠄ ⠙⠄⠃⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇⠲ ⠖⠄⠗ ⠧⠅⠓ ⠃⠱⠞⠲

⠳⠓⠻ ⠃⠄⠗ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱ ⠅⠞⠓⠂ ⠺⠱⠐⠻ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠘⠄⠇⠲ ⠎⠇⠴⠄ ⠣⠗ ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉⠇ ⠃⠄⠾⠻ ⠇⠛ ⠃⠇⠗⠱ ⠗⠱⠨⠻ ⠝⠓⠱⠳-⠎⠇⠝⠱⠳ ⠉⠇⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠲⠃⠄⠾⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠃⠇⠗⠱ ⠨⠇⠇⠇⠅ ⠞⠌ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠴⠌⠾⠱ ⠃⠇⠱ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠅⠲ ⠏⠂⠡⠇⠅-

⠓⠍⠗ ⠅⠄⠩ ⠝⠍⠛⠗ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠅⠻⠳⠅

⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌⠅ ⠍⠱⠽ ⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌⠅ ⠍⠱⠹ ⠥⠨ड़⠻⠍⠄ ⠙⠳ ⠎⠍⠱⠺⠎⠌ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠅⠂⠾⠝⠄ ⠓⠇⠽⠞⠻⠓⠲ ⠞⠅⠌⠲⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠞⠌ ⠡⠇ ⠙⠎ ⠓⠇⠎⠻⠽⠗⠅ ⠳⠅ ⠓⠇⠎⠻⠽⠱⠗ ⠞⠅⠌⠲

 

⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠃⠄⠾⠻ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠅⠄⠩ ⠃⠐⠻⠄⠃⠱⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠍⠱⠹ ⠥⠨ड़⠻⠍⠄ ⠙⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻, ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠎⠍⠱⠺⠎⠌ ⠅⠭⠾⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇⠲ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠍⠱⠗⠻ ⠌⠅⠗ ⠍⠱⠎⠂ ⠃⠝⠄⠇⠅⠲ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠏⠇⠈⠨⠗⠻⠎⠌ ⠝⠓⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠂⠽⠇ ⠞⠌ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠂⠛⠃ ⠍⠱⠎⠂ ⠏⠗⠎⠻ ⠙⠄⠇⠅⠲

⠚⠨⠝⠄ ⠨⠄⠝⠱⠜ ⠏⠗ ⠃⠅⠎⠇⠻ ⠞⠌ ⠇⠛⠍⠄ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠃⠻⠇⠱ड़ ⠡⠇ ⠎⠄ ⠃⠱⠚⠻ ⠔⠺⠇-

⠈⠍⠽⠱⠌⠥⠲ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠮⠻⠽⠱ ⠐⠗⠏⠝⠄ ⠨⠱⠌⠥⠲⠈⠍⠽⠱⠌⠥

⠃⠄⠾⠻ ⠳⠅⠗⠱ ⠍⠱⠎⠂ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠙⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌ ⠅⠻⠲⠞⠌ ⠃⠱⠚⠻ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻

⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠃⠻⠇⠱ड़⠻⠅ ⠂⠌⠛⠱ ⠍⠱⠎⠂ ⠗⠱⠨⠻ ⠙⠄⠇⠅ ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠃⠻⠇⠱ड़ ⠍⠱⠎⠂ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠨⠳⠇⠅⠲

⠂⠃ ⠃⠂⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠍⠱⠹ ⠣⠂⠍⠇⠲ ⠃⠄⠾⠻⠅⠄⠌ ⠎⠇⠗ ⠅⠳⠇⠅ ⠞⠌ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠎⠍⠱⠺ ⠅⠳ ⠂⠽⠇ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠍⠱⠗⠻ ⠙⠄⠇⠅⠲

⠖⠄⠗⠎⠌ ⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱⠅ ⠛⠱⠡ ⠏⠗ ⠉⠐⠻⠻ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱ ⠨⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇⠲ ⠃⠈⠫⠫ ⠝⠻⠅ ⠇⠛⠅⠞ ⠡⠇ ⠌⠅⠗⠱ ⠃⠛⠻⠽⠱⠲

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२.⠈⠏⠗⠱⠞⠠ ⠅⠱⠇ ⠈⠃⠗⠈⠓⠍⠍⠂⠓⠃⠈⠗⠈⠞⠞ (⠎⠃⠈⠗⠽⠇⠙⠽⠅ ⠳⠅ ⠣⠊⠾⠱ ⠏⠓⠻⠝⠄) ⠎⠈⠗⠧⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠙⠂⠝⠃ ⠓⠱⠹ ⠙⠄⠨⠃⠱⠅ ⠉⠱⠓⠻, ⠈⠩⠇⠇⠅ ⠃⠚⠃⠱⠅ ⠉⠱⠓⠻⠲

 

 

⠅⠗⠱⠈⠛⠗⠄ ⠧⠎⠞⠄ ⠇⠈⠅⠈⠯⠍⠻⠠ ⠅⠗⠍⠈⠮⠽⠄ ⠎⠗⠈⠎⠧⠞⠻⠲

⠅⠗⠍⠃⠇⠄ ⠈⠎⠞⠻⠞⠇ ⠈⠃⠗⠈⠓⠍⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠘⠱⠞⠄ ⠅⠗⠙⠈⠗⠩⠝⠈⠍

 

⠅⠗⠅ ⠂⠛⠱⠌ ⠇⠈⠅⠈⠯⠍⠻ ⠃⠎⠅⠞ ⠡⠹⠻, ⠅⠗⠅ ⠍⠈⠮⠽⠍⠄ ⠎⠗⠈⠎⠧⠞⠻, ⠅⠗⠅ ⠍⠃⠇⠍⠄ ⠈⠃⠗⠈⠓⠍⠱ ⠈⠎⠹⠻⠞ ⠡⠹⠻⠲ ⠘⠇⠗⠍⠄ ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠄ ⠅⠗⠅ ⠙⠈⠗⠩⠝ ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠅ ⠹⠻⠅⠲

 

१२. ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠃⠊⠮-⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗

 

⠏⠊⠚⠻-⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠱⠓⠅- ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠧⠻⠈⠙⠽⠱⠝⠊⠙ ⠴⠱ ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ (⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠍⠇⠓⠝⠚⠻)

⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠧⠻⠈⠙⠽⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠴⠱ ⠏⠒⠻⠅⠱⠗ (⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠍⠇⠓⠝⠚⠻) ⠚⠈⠝⠍-09.04.1957,⠏⠈⠼⠫⠂⠂, ⠞⠞⠅⠇, ⠅⠅⠗⠉ड़(⠍⠮⠂⠃⠝⠻), ⠗⠩⠱⠐⠻⠽(⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼⠻⠽⠱), ⠩⠻⠧⠝⠛⠗ (⠐⠗⠗⠗⠻⠽⠱) ⠎⠈⠍⠈⠏⠗⠞⠻ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼⠻⠽⠱⠲ ⠏⠻⠞⠱ ⠇⠈⠃⠮ ⠮⠉⠞ ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠩⠱⠈⠎⠈⠞⠗ ⠍⠱⠈⠗⠈⠞⠞⠈⠼⠫ ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠍⠇⠙⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠴⠱, ⠩⠻⠧⠝⠛⠗, ⠐⠗⠗⠗⠻⠽⠱, ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼⠻⠽⠱|⠏⠻⠞⠱⠍⠓-⠈⠎⠧. ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠘⠻⠨⠻⠽⠱ ⠴⠱ | ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠩⠱⠈⠎⠈⠞⠗⠅ ⠙⠎ ⠧⠈⠗⠯ ⠮⠗⠻ 1970 .⠎⠌ 1979 . ⠮⠗⠻ ⠐⠗⠈⠮⠽⠽⠝,32 ⠧⠈⠗⠯⠅ ⠧⠽⠎⠎⠌ ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻-⠈⠏⠗⠃⠊⠮⠅ ⠎⠊⠧⠈⠗⠈⠙⠮⠝ ' ⠎⠊⠗⠈⠅⠯⠼⠍⠄ ⠎⠊⠈⠇⠛⠝⠲ ⠅⠍⠞⠻- ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻ ⠩⠱⠨⠱ ⠏⠂⠈⠎⠞⠅⠅ ⠇⠻⠈⠏⠽⠱⠊⠞⠗⠼ ' ⠎⠊⠧⠈⠗⠈⠙⠮⠝- 800 ⠏⠍⠈⠯⠺⠎⠌ ⠐⠗⠮⠻⠅ ⠐⠗⠊⠅⠝ ⠎⠓⠻⠞⠲ ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻ ⠝⠛⠗⠍⠻⠅ ⠇⠻⠈⠏⠽⠱⠈⠝⠞⠗⠼ ' ⠎⠊⠧⠈⠗⠈⠙⠮⠝- ⠇⠛⠘⠛ 600 ⠏⠍⠈⠯⠺⠎⠌ ⠥⠏⠗(⠞⠻⠗⠓⠂⠞⠱ ⠇⠻⠏⠻⠎⠌ ⠙⠄⠧⠝⠱⠛⠗⠻ ⠇⠻⠏⠻⠍⠄) ⠛⠂⠗⠂- ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠍⠇⠙⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠴⠱⠲ ⠛⠂⠗⠂⠅ ⠛⠂⠗⠂- ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠘⠻⠨⠻⠽⠱ ⠴⠱, ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠝⠻⠗⠎⠃ ⠴⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠧⠻⠈⠩⠧⠝⠱⠹ ⠴⠱- ⠎⠉⠗⠱⠺, ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠇⠃⠾⠝ ⠴⠱, ⠎⠉⠗⠱⠺⠲ ⠛⠂⠗⠂⠅ ⠩⠱⠈⠎⠈⠞⠗⠱⠈⠗⠹ ⠏⠗⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱- ⠙⠗⠘⠊⠛⠱ ⠍⠓⠱⠗⠱⠚ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠚⠻⠧⠄⠈⠩⠧⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓⠅ ⠽⠈⠚⠒⠇⠏⠧⠻⠞ ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠐⠗⠧⠎⠗ ⠏⠗ ⠍⠓⠱⠗⠱⠚⠱⠮⠻⠗⠱⠚(⠙⠗⠘⠊⠛⠱) ⠅⠱⠍⠄⠈⠩⠧⠗ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠂⠽⠇⠚⠻⠞ ⠏⠗⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱-1937 . ⠚⠱⠓⠻⠍⠄ ⠍⠉⠨⠻⠅ ⠏⠗⠻⠈⠅⠯⠱⠅ ⠍⠂⠈⠨⠽ ⠏⠗⠻⠈⠅⠯⠅ .. ⠫⠭. ⠎⠗ ⠛⠊⠛⠱⠝⠱⠹ ⠴⠱ ⠡⠇⠱⠓⠲

⠍⠓⠱⠗⠱⠚⠱⠮⠻⠗⠱⠚ ⠍⠱⠈⠝ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠄⠩⠅ ⠂⠈⠚⠒⠱⠝⠂⠎⠱⠗ ⠏⠡⠃⠱⠗⠻⠏⠱⠗⠅ ⠇⠉⠅⠻⠅ ⠂⠁ ⠈⠩⠗⠄⠼⠻⠅ ⠈⠧⠽⠧⠈⠎⠹⠱ ⠏⠈⠒⠚⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠇⠇⠅⠝⠻ ⠚⠄ ⠈⠎⠹⠻⠗ ⠅⠳⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻ ⠎⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠘⠄⠇ ⠡⠇ ⠂⠁ ⠊⠓⠇ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠗⠹⠝⠱ ⠡⠇ ⠚⠄ ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠍⠈⠮⠽ ⠚⠝⠻⠅⠱ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠧⠈⠅⠈⠞⠞⠈⠧⠽ ⠓⠇⠜⠈⠝⠓ ⠎⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠈⠗⠹⠝⠱ ⠏⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠈⠩⠗⠻ ⠍⠱⠈⠝ ⠍⠈⠮⠽ ⠝⠻⠧⠄⠙⠝ ⠅⠗⠹⠻, ⠞⠞⠠ ⠝⠻⠙⠱⠝ ⠧⠻⠩⠻⠈⠯⠾ ⠎⠘⠱ ⠍⠈⠮⠽ ⠳⠅⠗ ⠏⠗⠱⠍⠈⠗⠩ ⠅⠳ ⠏⠂⠝⠠ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠞⠲

⠳⠞⠳⠎⠌ ⠎⠌ १५ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠈⠩⠗⠄⠼⠻ ⠃⠝⠱ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠿⠄⠗ ⠧⠻⠧⠱⠙ ⠔⠺⠇ ⠚⠄ ⠏⠱⠜ ⠇⠳ ⠅⠳ ⠔⠈⠉⠉ ⠈⠩⠗⠄⠼⠻ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠛⠄⠇⠲

⠏⠡⠃⠱⠗⠻⠏⠱⠗⠅ ⠇⠉⠅⠻⠅ ⠝⠱⠍⠍⠄ ⠅⠞⠓⠂ ⠇⠉⠅⠻⠅ ⠞⠌ ⠅⠞⠓⠂ ⠐⠗⠎⠇ ⠝⠱⠍ ⠡⠇⠲

⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠔⠙⠱⠓⠗⠼ ⠐⠗⠡⠻-

१.   ⠎⠻⠊⠓⠧⠱ड़-⠍⠹⠂⠗⠄⠩ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗

२.   ⠍⠝⠻⠽⠱⠗⠻- ⠍⠮⠂⠏⠞⠻ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗

३.   ⠐⠗⠍⠉⠝-⠃⠱⠇⠅⠗⠱⠍ ⠏⠱⠺⠅

४.   ⠘⠗⠱⠍- ⠮⠻⠞⠗⠻

५.  ⠃⠎⠈⠝⠞⠏⠂⠗- ⠍⠱⠮⠧ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗

६.   ⠅⠇⠅⠫⠻⠓⠻- ⠗⠱⠍⠄⠈⠩⠧⠗ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗

७.  ⠝⠻⠈⠞⠽⠱⠝⠈⠝⠙ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻- ⠏⠻⠈⠼⠫⠱⠗⠂⠡

८.   ⠳⠫⠂- ⠘⠅⠈⠽⠽⠇ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗

९.   ⠨⠂⠾⠉⠝⠻⠽⠱⠌- ⠘⠧⠱⠝⠻⠙⠈⠞⠞ ⠴⠱

१०.  ⠇⠈⠅⠯⠍⠻⠏⠞⠻ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗- ⠮⠛⠚⠗⠻

११.  ⠅⠈⠝⠞ ⠴⠱- ⠉⠱⠝⠏⠂⠗⠱

१२.  ⠾⠈⠬⠅⠧⠱⠇ ⠍⠓⠻⠮⠗ ⠴⠱-⠏⠄⠅⠏⠱ड़

१३.  ⠧⠻⠈⠯⠼⠂⠙⠈⠞⠞⠏⠂⠗⠉⠻⠅⠝⠉⠾ (⠍⠂⠚⠈⠖⠖⠗⠏⠂⠗)

१४.  ⠉⠱⠝ ⠏⠱⠺⠅- ⠛⠚⠓⠗⠱

१५.  ⠅⠱⠅⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗- ⠮⠍⠙⠱⠓⠱

१६.  ⠨⠱⠩⠻ ⠈⠮⠽⠱⠍⠻- ⠗⠊⠛⠏⠂⠗⠱(⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼⠻⠽⠱⠌)

 (⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠈⠗⠞⠞⠄)

 १३. ⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞ ⠍⠻⠹⠻⠇⠱ ⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗

 .. ⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗

 

⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗⠎⠌ ⠎⠊⠃⠊⠮⠻⠞ ⠃⠓⠂⠞ ⠗⠱⠎ ⠚⠝⠈⠩⠗⠂⠞⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠐⠗⠽⠱⠉⠻ ⠧⠍⠈⠙⠮ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠡⠇⠱⠓, ⠏⠗⠈⠝⠞⠂ ⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗⠧⠻⠓⠻⠝ ⠗⠓⠹⠻⠲ ⠏⠈⠞⠝⠻ ⠘⠧⠱⠝⠻ ⠙⠂⠠⠨⠎⠌ ⠅⠱⠌⠾ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠡⠇⠻⠓⠲ ⠞⠨⠝ ⠐⠗⠽⠱⠉⠻ ⠍⠻⠈⠩⠗ ⠃⠱⠃⠱ ⠧⠅⠈⠙⠽⠝⠱⠹⠎⠌ ⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗⠅ ⠽⠱⠉⠝⠱ ⠅⠳⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻ ⠂⠁ ⠓⠂⠝⠅⠗ ⠍⠝⠇⠅⠱⠍⠝⠱ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠘⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻-⠈⠎⠧⠽⠊ ⠩⠊⠅⠗ ⠘⠛⠧⠱⠝ ⠐⠗⠧⠞⠗⠻⠞ ⠘⠄⠇⠱⠓ ⠂⠁ ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠄ ⠃⠱⠇⠅⠅ ⠝⠱⠍ ⠩⠊⠅⠗ ड़⠇⠲ ⠚⠈⠝⠍ ⠏⠗ ⠛⠱⠍⠅ ⠂⠽⠱ ⠅⠻⠊⠧⠱ ⠉⠍⠅⠝ ⠜⠝⠱⠍ ⠍⠌⠛⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓, ⠍⠂⠙⠱ ⠏⠗⠻⠧⠱⠗⠅ ⠇⠛⠍⠄ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠡⠇ ⠂⠁ ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠘⠧⠱⠝⠻ ⠧⠉⠝ ⠙⠄⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓ ⠚⠄ ⠃⠱⠇⠅⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠹⠍ ⠅⠍⠱⠜ ⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠳ ⠙⠄⠃⠲ ⠎⠄ ⠚⠨⠝ ⠳⠅ ⠃⠄⠗ ⠗⠱⠚⠱ ⠩⠻⠧ ⠎⠻⠊⠓ ⠨⠂⠩⠻ ⠘⠳ ⠃⠱⠇⠅⠅⠄⠊ ⠅⠓⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓ ⠚⠄ ⠐⠗⠓⠱⠌ ⠚⠞⠄⠅ ⠎⠇⠝⠱-⠉⠱⠌⠙⠻ ⠇⠳ ⠚⠱ ⠎⠅⠻ ⠇⠳ ⠚⠱⠥⠲ ⠃⠱⠇⠅ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠮⠗⠻⠽⠱ ⠏⠓⠻⠗⠝⠄ ⠡⠇⠱⠓ ⠞⠄⠌ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠎⠇⠝⠱⠅ ड़ ⠇⠳ ⠚⠱⠁ ⠎⠅⠇⠱⠓, ⠂⠁ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠘⠧⠱⠝⠻ ⠐⠗⠏⠝ ⠧⠉⠝⠅ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠗⠃⠏⠄⠊ ⠂⠽⠱-⠉⠍⠅⠝⠅⠄⠌ ⠙⠳ ⠙⠄⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓⠲ ⠉⠍⠅⠝ ⠌⠓⠻ ⠏⠱⠜⠎⠌ ⠳⠅⠾⠱ ⠏⠇⠨⠗⠻ ⠎⠗⠻⠎⠧⠍⠄ ⠨⠂⠝⠃⠳⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻, ⠚⠄ ⠉⠍⠝⠻⠽⠱⠌ ⠏⠇⠈⠨⠗⠻⠅ ⠝⠱⠍⠎⠌ ⠳⠨⠝⠇ ⠧⠻⠈⠙⠽⠍⠱⠝ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

१४.⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠘⠱⠯⠱⠏⠱⠅ (२)- ⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗/ ⠝⠱⠛⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠅⠂⠍⠱⠗ ⠴⠱

 

    ⠍⠃⠈⠇⠽⠱⠊⠅⠝

⠐⠗⠈⠞⠽⠂⠈⠞⠞⠍-   14-15

⠔⠈⠞⠞⠍-      12-13

ड़-⠃⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱-  09-11

 

1.⠞⠈⠛⠛⠗: . ⠨⠱⠾ . ⠃⠱⠾. . ⠏⠄⠽ ⠏⠙⠱⠈⠗⠹ . ⠳⠓⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠌ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠝⠓⠻⠲

2. ⠙⠇⠍⠃:  . ⠓⠻⠇⠱⠽⠃ . ⠽⠈⠞⠝⠏⠃⠈⠗⠃⠅ ⠎⠇⠉⠃ . ⠎⠇⠉⠻ ⠅⠳ ⠅⠗⠃ . . ⠳⠓⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠌ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠝⠓⠻⠲

3. ⠌⠮⠻: . ⠃⠱⠌⠎⠅  ड़ . ⠛⠱⠡ ⠚⠗⠱⠽⠃ .⠛⠱⠡ ⠗⠇⠏⠃ . ⠫⠱⠗⠻ ⠨⠈⠼⠫ ⠅⠗⠃⠲

4. ⠏⠄⠾⠱⠐⠻: . ⠅⠱⠝ ⠅⠱⠾⠃. . ⠛⠌⠓⠻⠗ ⠃⠱⠎⠝. . ⠈⠮⠽⠱⠝ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠙⠄⠃. . ⠅⠱⠝ ⠏⠱⠹⠃

5. ⠙⠉⠗⠱: . ⠙⠄⠨⠃. . ⠈⠮⠽⠱⠝ ⠗⠱⠨⠃. . ⠔⠏⠄⠈⠅⠯⠱ ⠅⠗⠃. . ⠔⠈⠞⠹⠈⠗ ⠏⠱⠈⠞⠗⠲

6. ⠍⠄⠣⠫⠈⠍⠃⠗: . ⠡⠱⠞⠱  . ⠘⠂⠚⠃. . ⠎⠂⠨⠱⠽⠃. . ⠳⠓⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠌ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠝⠓⠻⠲⠲

7.⠃⠌⠎⠃⠻⠈⠾⠾⠻: . ⠎⠗⠻⠽⠱⠽⠃  .⠖⠄⠊⠅⠃. . ⠃⠱⠌⠎⠅ ⠃⠇⠝ . ⠛⠄⠊⠾⠃⠲

8. ⠚⠱⠃⠻: . ड़. . ⠴⠛ड़ ⠓⠇⠳⠃. . ⠚⠱⠇⠱⠅⠱⠗ ⠏⠱⠈⠞⠗. . ⠍⠻⠇⠱⠝ ⠓⠇⠽⠃⠲

9. ⠅⠝⠎⠂⠏⠞⠻: . ⠝⠂⠂ ⠃⠻⠝⠃-⠃⠝⠱⠳⠃. . ⠝⠂⠂ ⠎⠂⠨⠱⠽⠃. . ⠝⠂⠂ ⠚⠗⠱⠳⠃. . ⠎⠂⠨⠱⠽⠇ ⠃⠱⠌⠎⠅ ⠏⠱⠞⠲

10. ⠡⠻⠈⠾⠾⠱: . ⠅⠇ड़ . ⠉⠱⠎ ⠙⠄⠃. . ⠏⠹⠻⠽⠱. . ⠚⠇⠞⠃⠲

11. ⠙⠱⠃⠻: . ⠅⠏ड़ ⠃⠻⠝⠃. . ⠏⠅⠣ ⠅⠈⠞⠞⠱. . ⠞⠃⠗ ⠞⠂⠝⠃. .⠘⠱ड़ ⠣⠇⠊⠾⠃⠲

12. ⠃⠇⠝⠻: . ⠃⠻⠂ ⠃⠱⠔⠛ ⠅⠗⠃ . ⠃⠻⠂ ⠔⠨⠱ड़.. ⠃⠻⠂ ⠙⠓⠱⠳⠃. . ⠍⠚⠙⠃⠗⠻⠲

13. ⠡⠇⠌⠏⠃: . ⠐⠗⠗⠃⠮⠃. . ⠎⠇⠓ड़ ⠚⠱⠳⠃. . ⠥⠏⠗⠎⠌ ⠅⠱⠾⠃ . ⠙⠂⠇⠱⠗ ⠅⠗⠃⠲

14.⠅⠗⠉⠻: . ⠐⠗⠧⠈⠩⠽ ⠅⠗⠃. . ⠥⠏⠗⠎⠌ ⠅⠱⠾⠃. . ⠃⠱⠌⠎⠅ ⠏⠱⠞⠗ ⠩⠱⠨⠱. . ⠳⠓⠻⠍⠄ ⠎⠌ ⠅⠇⠝⠇ ⠝⠓⠻⠲

15. ⠘⠱⠇⠗⠻: . ⠞⠻⠗⠇⠮⠱⠝ ⠓⠇⠳⠃. . ⠅⠄⠗⠱⠅ ⠏⠱⠞. . ⠙⠃⠱ड़. . ⠓⠌⠎⠱⠽⠃⠲

⠔⠈⠞⠞⠗

 ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻ ⠘⠱⠯⠱⠏⠱⠅  (२) ⠅⠄⠗ ⠔⠈⠞⠞⠗:

1. . ⠏⠄⠽ ⠏⠙⠱⠈⠗⠹

2. . ⠓⠻⠇⠱⠽⠃

3. . ⠃⠱⠌⠎⠅  ड़

4. . ⠛⠌⠓⠻⠗ ⠃⠱⠎⠝

5.  ⠔⠈⠞⠹⠈⠗ ⠏⠱⠈⠞⠗⠲

6. . ⠡⠱⠞⠱  

7. . ⠃⠱⠌⠎⠅ ⠃⠇⠝

8. . ⠚⠱⠇⠱⠅⠱⠗ ⠏⠱⠈⠞⠗

9. . ⠎⠂⠨⠱⠽⠇ ⠃⠱⠌⠎⠅ ⠏⠱⠞⠲

10. . ⠏⠹⠻⠽⠱

11. . ⠏⠅⠣ ⠅⠈⠞⠞⠱

12. . ⠍⠚⠙⠃⠗⠻

13. . ⠥⠏⠗⠎⠌ ⠅⠱⠾⠃

14 . . ⠃⠱⠌⠎⠅ ⠏⠱⠞⠗ ⠩⠱⠨⠱

15. . ⠅⠄⠗⠱⠅ ⠏⠱⠞

    ⠍⠃⠈⠇⠽⠱⠊⠅⠝

⠐⠗⠈⠞⠽⠂⠈⠞⠞⠍-   14-15

⠔⠈⠞⠞⠍-      12-13

ड़-⠃⠐⠻⠻⠽⠱-  09-11

 

१५. ⠗⠉⠝⠱  ⠇⠄⠨⠝-⠛⠚⠄⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗

⠈⠧⠽⠈⠒⠚⠝ ४२ ⠾⠱ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠈⠅ ⠈⠨ ⠈⠣ ⠈⠬

⠈⠉ ⠈⠡ ⠈⠚ ⠈⠴ ⠈⠒

⠈⠾ ⠈⠺ ⠈⠫ ⠈⠿ ⠈⠼

⠈⠞ ⠈⠹ ⠈⠙ ⠈⠮ ⠈⠝

⠈⠏ ⠈⠖ ⠈⠃ ⠈⠘ ⠈⠍

⠈⠽ ⠈⠗ ⠈⠇ ⠈⠧

⠈⠩ ⠈⠯ ⠈⠎

⠈⠓

⠈⠽ ⠈⠧ ⠈⠇ ⠎⠱⠝⠂⠝⠱⠎⠻⠅ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠽⠌ ⠧⠌ ⠇⠌ ⠂⠁ ⠝⠻⠗⠂⠝⠱⠎⠻⠅⠲

⠳⠅⠗ ⠐⠗⠞⠻⠗⠻⠈⠅⠈⠞⠞ ⠙⠃ ⠾⠱ ⠂⠗ ⠈⠧⠽⠈⠒⠚⠝ ⠐⠗⠡⠻- ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠈⠎⠧⠱⠗ ⠂⠁ ⠧⠻⠎⠈⠗⠚⠝⠻⠽ ⠧⠱ ⠧⠻⠎⠈⠗⠛⠲

⠙⠂⠝⠃⠾⠱ ⠈⠎⠧⠗⠅ ⠐⠗⠝⠈⠝⠞⠗ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠂⠈⠅⠈⠞⠞ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠧⠻⠎⠈⠗⠚⠝⠻⠽ ⠍⠃⠇ ⠧⠈⠗⠼ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠧⠗⠈⠝ ⠈⠎ ⠧⠱ ⠈⠗ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠧⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠹⠻⠅⠲ ⠧⠻⠎⠈⠗⠚⠝⠻⠽ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠈⠮⠧⠝⠻ ⠘⠄⠙ ⠂⠁ ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠗⠃⠏⠘⠄⠙⠎⠌ ⠙⠃ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠐⠗⠡⠻- ⠚⠻⠈⠓⠧⠱⠍⠃⠇⠻⠽ ⠂⠁ ⠔⠏⠈⠮⠍⠱⠝⠻⠽⠲ ⠚⠻⠈⠓⠧⠱⠍⠃⠇⠻⠽ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠂⠁ ⠎⠌ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠧ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠂⠈⠅⠈⠞⠞ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠙⠇⠎⠗ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗ ⠂⠁ ⠎⠌ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠧⠲

⠐⠗⠝⠂⠈⠎⠧⠱⠗, ⠧⠻⠎⠈⠗⠚⠝⠻⠽, ⠚⠻⠈⠓⠧⠱⠍⠃⠇⠻⠽ ⠂⠁ ⠔⠏⠈⠮⠍⠱⠝⠻⠽⠅⠄⠌ ⠐⠗⠽⠇⠛⠧⠱⠓ ⠅⠓⠇ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠔⠏⠗⠇⠈⠅⠈⠞⠞ ⠧⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠘⠅⠄⠌ ⠡⠇ड़ ⠾⠱ ⠂⠗ ⠧⠈⠗⠼ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠅⠗⠱ ⠽⠍ ⠅⠓⠇ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠅⠂⠌ ⠨⠂⠌ ⠛⠂⠌ ⠣⠂⠌ (⠽⠹⠱- ⠏⠇⠻⠈⠅ ⠈⠅⠝⠻, ⠉⠨ ⠈⠨⠈⠝⠝⠂⠞⠠, ⠐⠗⠈⠛ ⠈⠛⠝⠻⠠, ⠈⠣ ⠈⠣⠝⠈⠝⠞⠻)

⠏⠈⠒⠉⠍ ⠧⠈⠗⠼ ⠂⠛⠱⠌ ⠗⠓⠇⠱ ⠏⠗ ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠧ ⠧⠈⠗⠼ ⠎⠙⠍⠩ ⠚⠄ ⠧⠈⠗⠼ ⠃⠻⠉⠍⠄ ⠔⠈⠉⠉⠱⠗⠻⠞ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠎⠄ ⠽⠍ ⠘⠄⠇⠲

⠽⠍ ⠎⠄⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠽⠇⠛⠧⠱⠓ ⠓⠇⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

 (⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠈⠗⠞⠞⠄)

⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠍⠱⠝⠅ ⠇⠄⠨⠝-⠩⠅⠇⠻

 

1.  ⠚⠄ ⠩⠈⠃⠙ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻-⠎⠱⠓⠻⠈⠞⠽⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠉⠻⠝ ⠅⠱⠇⠎⠌ ⠂⠜ ⠮⠗⠻ ⠚⠱⠓⠻ ⠧⠈⠗⠈⠞⠞⠝⠻⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠉⠇⠻⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠎⠄ ⠎⠱⠍⠱⠈⠝⠽⠞⠠ ⠞⠱⠓⠻ ⠧⠈⠗⠈⠞⠞⠝⠻⠍⠄ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽- ⠔⠙⠱⠓⠗⠼⠱⠈⠗⠹-

⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽                                                       ⠐⠗⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽                                  

⠳⠨⠝                              ⠐⠗⠨⠝,⠐⠗⠨⠝⠻,⠳⠨⠄⠝,⠐⠗⠨⠝⠻

⠺⠱⠍                               ⠺⠻⠍⠱,⠺⠻⠝⠱,⠺⠍⠱ ⠚⠅⠗,⠞⠅⠗                          ⠚⠄⠅⠗, ⠞⠄⠅⠗ ⠞⠝⠻⠅⠗                             ⠞⠻⠝⠅⠗⠲(⠧⠅⠅⠈⠇⠏⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ ⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽) ⠐⠗⠡⠻                               ⠑⠡, ⠐⠗⠓⠻, ⠳⠲

2.  ⠝⠻⠈⠍⠝⠇⠻⠨⠻⠞ ⠞⠻⠝ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠗⠃⠏ ⠧⠅⠈⠅⠇⠏⠻⠅⠞⠽⠱ ⠐⠗⠏⠝⠱⠌⠇ ⠚⠱⠽: ⠛⠄⠇, ⠘⠽ ⠛⠄⠇ ⠧⠱ ⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇⠲ ⠚⠱ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠱⠽ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻, ⠚⠱⠳ ⠗⠓⠇ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠅⠗ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓, ⠧⠱ ⠅⠗⠽ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓ ⠧⠱ ⠅⠗⠳ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓⠲

3.  ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠉⠻⠝ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠈⠝⠓ ⠈⠮⠧⠝⠻⠅ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝⠍⠄ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠽⠹⠱ ⠅⠓⠇⠝⠻ ⠧⠱ ⠅⠓⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲

4.  ⠞⠹⠱ ⠞⠞⠽ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽ ⠚⠞ ⠈⠎⠏⠈⠯⠾⠞⠠ ⠐⠗⠜ ⠞⠹⠱ ⠐⠗⠔ ⠎⠙⠍⠩ ⠔⠈⠉⠉⠱⠗⠼ ⠜⠈⠯⠾ ⠓⠇⠲ ⠽⠹⠱- ⠙⠄⠨⠅⠞, ⠡⠇⠅⠅, ⠃⠉⠂, ⠡⠉⠅ ⠜⠈⠞⠽⠱⠙⠻⠲

5.  ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠝⠻⠈⠍⠝⠇⠻⠨⠻⠞ ⠩⠈⠃⠙ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠗⠃⠏⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠂⠈⠅⠞ ⠓⠇⠽⠞: ⠚⠅⠓,⠎⠅⠓,⠜⠳⠓,⠌⠑⠓,⠇⠅⠓ ⠞⠹⠱ ⠙⠅⠓⠲

6.  ⠈⠓⠈⠗⠈⠎⠧ ⠜⠅⠱⠗⠱⠊⠞ ⠩⠈⠃⠙⠍⠄ ⠅⠄ ⠇⠂⠈⠏⠞ ⠅⠗⠃ ⠎⠱⠍⠱⠈⠝⠽⠞⠠ ⠐⠗⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽ ⠹⠻⠅⠲ ⠽⠹⠱- ⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠂⠃⠓, ⠍⠱⠇⠻⠝⠻ ⠛⠄⠇⠻ (⠍⠝⠂⠈⠯⠽ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗⠍⠄)

7.  ⠈⠎⠧⠞⠊⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠓⠗⠈⠎⠧ ⠧⠱ ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠉⠻⠝ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻⠅ ⠔⠈⠙⠮⠗⠼ ⠂⠙⠻⠍⠄ ⠞⠌ ⠽⠹⠱⠧⠞ ⠗⠱⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽, ⠅⠻⠊⠞⠂ ⠂⠮⠂⠝⠻⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠛⠍⠄ ⠧⠅⠅⠈⠇⠏⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ ⠧⠱ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠲ ⠽⠹⠱:- ⠅⠽⠇ ⠧⠱ ⠅⠳⠇, ⠐⠗⠽⠇⠱⠓ ⠧⠱ ⠐⠗⠳⠇⠱⠓, ⠚⠱⠽ ⠧⠱ ⠚⠱⠳ ⠜⠈⠞⠽⠱⠙⠻⠲

8.  ⠔⠈⠉⠉⠱⠗⠼⠍⠄ ⠙⠃ ⠈⠎⠧⠗⠅ ⠃⠻⠉ ⠚⠄ ⠈⠮⠧⠝⠻ ⠈⠎⠧⠞⠠ ⠂⠃⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻ ⠞⠅⠗⠱ ⠇⠄⠨⠍⠄ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝ ⠧⠅⠅⠈⠇⠏⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ ⠙⠄⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠲ ⠽⠹⠱- ⠮⠻⠂, ⠐⠗⠐⠻⠅⠂, ⠧⠻⠂⠓, ⠧⠱ ⠮⠻⠽⠱, ⠐⠗⠐⠻⠅⠽⠱, ⠃⠻⠽⠱⠓⠲

9.  ⠎⠱⠝⠂⠝⠱⠎⠻⠅ ⠈⠎⠧⠞⠊⠈⠞⠗ ⠈⠎⠧⠗⠅ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝ ⠽⠹⠱⠎⠊⠘⠧ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽ ⠧⠱ ⠎⠱⠝⠂⠝⠱⠎⠻⠅ ⠈⠎⠧⠗⠲ ⠽⠹⠱:- ⠍⠅⠒⠱, ⠅⠝⠻⠒⠱, ⠅⠻⠗⠞⠝⠻⠒⠱ ⠧⠱ ⠍⠅⠂⠌, ⠅⠝⠻⠂⠌, ⠅⠻⠗⠞⠝⠻⠂⠌⠲

10. ⠅⠱⠗⠅⠅ ⠧⠻⠘⠈⠅⠈⠞⠞⠻⠅ ⠝⠻⠈⠍⠝⠇⠻⠨⠻⠞ ⠗⠃⠏ ⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽:- ⠓⠱⠹⠅⠄⠌, ⠓⠱⠹⠎⠌, ⠓⠱⠹⠄⠌, ⠓⠱⠹⠅, ⠓⠱⠹⠍⠄⠲ ⠍⠄ ⠍⠄ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠈⠎⠧⠱⠗ ⠎⠈⠗⠧⠹⠱ ⠈⠞⠽⠱⠈⠚⠽ ⠹⠻⠅⠲ ⠧⠅⠅⠈⠇⠏⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠗⠱⠨⠇ ⠚⠱ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

11. ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠧⠅⠱⠇⠻⠅ ⠈⠅⠗⠻⠽⠱⠏⠙⠅ ⠃⠱⠙ ⠅⠽ ⠧⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠐⠗⠈⠧⠽⠽ ⠧⠅⠅⠈⠇⠏⠻⠅ ⠗⠃⠏⠄⠌ ⠇⠛⠱⠌⠇ ⠚⠱ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠽⠹⠱:- ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠅⠽ ⠧⠱ ⠙⠄⠨⠻ ⠅⠳⠲

12. ⠍⠱⠌⠛, ⠘⠱⠌⠛ ⠂⠙⠻⠅ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝⠍⠄ ⠍⠱⠬, ⠘⠱⠬ ⠜⠈⠞⠽⠱⠙⠻ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠲

13. ⠐⠗⠈⠗⠈⠙⠮ ⠐⠗⠈⠗⠈⠙⠮ ⠃⠙⠇⠱ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠎⠱⠗ ⠝⠓⠻ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽(⠐⠗⠏⠧⠱⠙-⠎⠊⠎⠱⠗ ⠎⠈⠝⠎⠱⠗ ⠝⠓⠻), ⠅⠻⠊⠞⠂ ⠡⠱⠏⠱⠅ ⠎⠂⠧⠻⠮⠱⠈⠗⠹ ⠐⠗⠈⠗⠈⠙⠮ , , ⠞⠹⠱ ⠃⠙⠇⠱ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠈⠎⠧⠱⠗⠇ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲ ⠽⠹⠱:- ⠐⠗⠈⠬⠅, ⠧⠱ ⠐⠗⠊⠅, ⠐⠗⠈⠒⠉⠇ ⠧⠱ ⠐⠗⠊⠉⠇, ⠅⠈⠼⠺ ⠧⠱ ⠅⠊⠺⠲

14. ⠓⠇⠊⠞ ⠉⠻⠈⠓⠝ ⠝⠻⠽⠍⠞⠠ ⠇⠛⠱⠌⠇ ⠚⠱⠽, ⠅⠻⠊⠞⠂ ⠧⠻⠘⠈⠅⠞⠻⠅ ⠎⠊⠛ ⠐⠗⠅⠱⠗⠱⠊⠞ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠛ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠲ ⠽⠹⠱:- ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠍⠱⠈⠝, ⠅⠻⠊⠞⠂ ⠈⠩⠗⠻⠍⠱⠝⠅⠲

15. ⠎⠘ ⠳⠅⠇ ⠅⠱⠗⠅ ⠉⠻⠈⠓⠝ ⠩⠈⠃⠙⠍⠄ ⠎⠾⠱ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽, ⠓⠾⠱ ⠝⠓⠻, ⠎⠊⠽⠂⠈⠅⠞ ⠧⠻⠘⠈⠅⠞⠻⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ⠖⠗⠱⠅ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽, ⠽⠹⠱ ⠣⠗ ⠏⠗⠅⠲

16. ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠝⠱⠎⠻⠅⠅⠄⠌ ⠉⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠃⠻⠈⠝⠙⠂ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠈⠧⠽⠈⠅⠞ ⠅⠽⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠲ ⠏⠗⠊⠞⠂ ⠍⠂⠈⠙⠗⠼⠅ ⠎⠂⠧⠻⠮⠱⠈⠗⠹ ⠓⠻ ⠎⠍⠱⠝ ⠚⠾⠻⠇ ⠍⠱⠈⠞⠗⠱ ⠏⠗ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠈⠎⠧⠱⠗⠅ ⠈⠏⠗⠽⠇⠛ ⠉⠈⠝⠈⠙⠗⠃⠻⠈⠝⠙⠂⠅ ⠃⠙⠇⠱ ⠅⠽⠇ ⠚⠱ ⠎⠅⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲⠽⠹⠱- ⠓⠻⠌ ⠅⠄⠗ ⠃⠙⠇⠱ ⠓⠻⠊⠲

17. ⠏⠃⠈⠗⠼ ⠧⠻⠗⠱⠍ ⠏⠱⠎⠻⠎⠌ ( ) ⠎⠃⠉⠻⠞ ⠅⠽⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠲

18. ⠎⠍⠈⠎⠞ ⠏⠙ ⠎⠾⠱ ⠇⠻⠨⠇ ⠚⠱⠽, ⠧⠱ ⠓⠱⠜⠖⠄⠝⠎⠌ ⠚⠇ड़ , ⠓⠾⠱ ⠝⠓⠻⠲

19. ⠇⠻⠐⠗ ⠞⠹⠱ ⠙⠻⠐⠗ ⠩⠈⠃⠙⠍⠄ ⠃⠻⠅⠱⠗⠻ () ⠝⠓⠻ ⠇⠛⠱⠌⠇ ⠚⠱⠽⠲

20.

⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽                                                      ⠐⠗⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽

1.  ⠓⠇⠽⠃⠇⠱/⠓⠇⠃⠽⠃⠇⠱/⠓⠇⠍⠽⠃⠇⠱/                          ⠓⠄⠃⠃⠇⠱, ⠓⠄⠍⠃⠇⠱ ⠓⠇⠽⠃⠱⠅/⠓⠇⠳⠃⠱⠅

2.  /⠂⠁                                             

3.  ⠇⠄⠝⠄/⠅⠁ ⠇⠄⠝⠄/⠅⠳ ⠇⠄⠝⠄/⠅⠽ ⠇⠄⠝⠄/ /⠇⠁/⠇⠽/⠇⠳

4.  ⠛⠄⠇/⠘⠁ ⠛⠄⠇/⠘⠽ ⠛⠄⠇/⠘⠳ ⠛⠄⠇

5.  ⠅⠗ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓/⠅⠗⠁ ⠛⠄⠇⠓/⠅⠗⠳ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓/⠅⠗⠽ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓

6.  ⠇⠻⠐⠗/⠙⠻⠐⠗                                             ⠇⠻⠽,⠙⠻⠽,⠇⠻⠐⠗,⠙⠻⠽

7.  ⠅⠗ ⠃⠇⠱/⠅⠗⠁ ⠃⠇⠱/ ⠅⠗⠽ ⠃⠇⠱                           ⠅⠗⠅ ⠃⠇⠱/ ⠃⠇⠱

8.  ⠃⠇⠱                                                   ⠧⠇⠱

9.  ⠂⠈⠬⠇                                                  ⠂⠊⠈⠛⠇

10. ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠽⠠                                                   ⠈⠏⠗⠱⠽⠓

11. ⠙⠂⠠⠨                                                    ⠙⠂⠨

12. ⠉⠇⠻ ⠛⠄⠇                                                 ⠉⠇ ⠛⠄⠇/⠉⠅⠇ ⠛⠄⠇

13. ⠙⠄⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓                                                 ⠙⠄⠇⠅⠻⠈⠝⠓, ⠙⠄⠇⠨⠻⠝

14. ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻                                                ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠝⠻/ ⠙⠄⠨⠇⠅⠈⠝⠓

15. ⠡⠹⠻⠈⠝⠓/ ⠡⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻                                      ⠡⠹⠻⠝/ ⠡⠇⠅⠝/ ⠡⠇⠝⠻

16. ⠉⠇⠅⠞/⠙⠅⠞                                                 ⠉⠇⠞⠻/⠙⠅⠞⠻

17. ⠳⠨⠝⠇                                                    ⠐⠗⠨⠝⠇

18. ⠃⠐⠻⠈⠝⠓⠻                                                     ⠃⠿⠈⠝⠓⠻

19. /⠌⠁(⠎⠈⠗⠧⠝⠱⠍)                                           

20.   (⠎⠊⠽⠇⠚⠅)                                               /⠌⠁

21. ⠖⠱⠌⠛⠻/⠖⠱⠈⠬⠛⠻                                                 ⠖⠱⠜⠊⠛/⠖⠱⠜⠬

22. ⠚⠄                                                        ⠚⠄/⠚⠄⠁

23. ⠝⠱-⠝⠂⠅⠂⠗                                                   ⠝⠱-⠝⠂⠅⠗

24. ⠅⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻/⠅⠳⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻/⠅⠽⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻

25. ⠞⠨⠝ ⠞⠌                                                     ⠞⠨⠝⠞⠌

26. ⠚⠱ ⠗⠓⠇/⠚⠱⠽ ⠗⠓⠇/⠚⠱⠳ ⠗⠓⠇

27. ⠝⠻⠅⠇⠽/⠝⠻⠅⠇⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇  ⠃⠓⠗⠱⠽/⠃⠓⠗⠱⠳ ⠇⠱⠛⠇                                  ⠝⠻⠅⠇/⠃⠓⠗⠅ ⠇⠱⠛⠇

28. ⠌⠞⠽/⠚⠞⠽                                      ⠚⠞/⠌⠞/⠚⠞⠳/⠌⠞⠳

29. ⠅⠻ ⠖⠃ड़ ⠚⠄                                               ⠅⠻ ⠖⠃ड़ ⠚⠄

30. ⠚⠄                                                        ⠚⠄/⠚⠄⠁

31. ⠅⠃⠙⠻/⠽⠱⠙⠻(⠍⠇⠝ ⠏⠱⠗⠃)                                ⠅⠃⠜⠙/⠽⠱⠜⠙/⠅⠃⠙/⠽⠱⠙

32. ⠜⠓⠇/⠌⠓⠇                                   

33. ⠓⠌⠎⠳/⠓⠌⠎⠽                                                   ⠓⠌⠎

34. ⠝⠉ ⠂⠅⠻ ⠙⠎/⠝⠉ ⠅⠻⠊⠧⠱ ⠙⠎/⠝⠉ ⠧⠱ ⠙⠎

35. ⠎⠱⠎⠂-⠎⠎⠂⠗                                                   ⠎⠱⠎-⠎⠎⠂⠗

36. ⠡⠓/⠎⠱⠞                                                     /⠡⠠/⠎⠱⠞

37. ⠅⠻                                          ⠅⠻/⠅⠻⠁(⠙⠻⠈⠗⠣⠻⠅⠱⠗⠱⠈⠝⠞⠍⠄ ⠧⠈⠗⠚⠻⠞)

38. ⠚⠃⠱⠃                                                          ⠚⠧⠱⠃

39. ⠅⠗⠳⠞⠱⠓/⠅⠗⠽⠞⠱⠓                                                  ⠅⠗⠄⠞⠱⠓

40. ⠙⠇⠱⠝ ⠙⠻⠩⠻                                                    ⠙⠇⠱⠝ ⠙⠻⠩

41. ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓                                                           ⠛⠳⠇⠱⠓/⠛⠽⠇⠱⠓

42. ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠂⠗                                                        ⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠕⠗

43. ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠇                                            ⠚⠱⠞⠻ ⠡⠇/⠚⠅⠞ ⠡⠇

44. ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉⠻/⠘⠄⠾⠻ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠇                                  ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉/⠘⠄⠾ ⠚⠱⠜⠞ ⠡⠇

45. ⠚⠃⠱⠝(⠽⠂⠧⠱)/⠚⠧⠱⠝(⠖⠉⠚⠻)

46. ⠇⠽/⠇⠳ /⠅⠁

47. /⠇⠁ ⠅⠽/⠅⠳

48. ⠳⠨⠝/⠐⠗⠨⠝⠄                                                    ⠐⠗⠨⠝/⠳⠨⠝⠄

49. ⠐⠗⠓⠻⠊⠅⠄⠌                                                            ⠐⠗⠓⠻⠌⠅⠄⠌

50. ⠛⠓⠻⠊⠗                                                            ⠛⠓⠻⠌⠗

51. ⠮⠱⠗ ⠏⠱⠗ ⠅⠄⠝⠱⠜                                     ⠮⠱⠗ ⠏⠱⠗ ⠅⠄⠝⠱⠽/⠅⠄⠝⠱⠳

52. ⠚⠄⠅⠱⠌                                                         ⠚⠄⠌⠅⠱⠌/⠚⠅⠱⠌

53. ⠞⠓⠻⠝⠱                                                        ⠞⠄⠓⠻⠝⠱

54. ⠳⠅⠗                                                         ⠐⠗⠅⠗

55. ⠃⠓⠻⠝⠔                                                     ⠃⠓⠝⠇⠜

56. ⠃⠓⠻⠝                                                        ⠃⠓⠻⠝⠻

57. ⠃⠓⠻⠝⠻-⠃⠓⠻⠝⠇⠜                                                 ⠃⠓⠻⠝-⠃⠓⠝⠔

58. ⠝⠓⠻/⠝⠅

59. ⠅⠗⠃⠱/⠅⠗⠃⠱⠽/⠅⠗⠃⠱⠳

60. /                                                       ⠞⠽/⠞⠳

61. ⠘⠱⠽                                                         ⠘⠅

62. ⠘⠱⠌⠽                                                                        

63. ⠽⠱⠧⠞                                                       ⠚⠱⠧⠞

64. ⠍⠱⠽                                                         ⠍⠅

65. ⠙⠄⠈⠝⠓⠻/⠙⠳⠈⠝⠓⠻/⠙⠽⠈⠝⠓⠻                                           ⠙⠈⠝⠓⠻/⠙⠅⠈⠝⠓⠻

66. / /⠙⠳

⠅⠻⠡⠂ ⠂⠗ ⠩⠈⠃⠙

⠍⠱⠝⠅ ⠍⠅⠹⠻⠇⠻_

⠞⠅⠱ ⠅⠳ ⠞⠅⠱⠽  ⠞⠅⠱⠳

⠏⠅⠗⠄ (on foot) ⠏⠳⠗⠄

⠞⠱⠓⠂⠍⠄  ⠞⠱⠓⠃⠍⠄

⠏⠂⠈⠞⠗⠻⠅

⠃⠚⠱ ⠅⠽/ ⠅⠳

⠃⠝⠝⠱⠽

⠅⠇⠇⠱

⠙⠻⠝⠂⠅⠱ ⠙⠻⠝⠅⠱

⠞⠞⠓⠻⠎⠌

⠛⠗⠃⠌⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻  ⠛⠗⠃⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻

⠃⠱⠇⠂ ⠃⠱⠇⠃

⠉⠄⠈⠝⠓ ⠉⠻⠈⠝⠓(⠐⠗⠩⠂⠈⠙⠮)

⠚⠄         ⠚⠄

⠎⠄/ ⠅⠄     ⠎⠄/⠅⠄

⠳⠨⠂⠝⠅⠱     ⠐⠗⠨⠝⠂⠅⠱

⠘⠂⠍⠻⠓⠱⠗  ⠘⠃⠍⠻⠓⠱⠗

⠎⠂⠛⠗     ⠎⠃⠛⠗

⠴⠺⠓⠱⠅  ⠴⠾⠓⠱⠅

⠡⠃⠃⠻

⠅⠗⠜⠽⠇/ ⠅⠗⠅⠽⠇

⠏⠂⠃⠱⠗⠻       ⠏⠂⠃⠱⠜

⠴⠛ड़-⠴⠱⠌⠾⠻   ⠴⠛ड़-⠴⠱⠌⠾⠻

⠏⠳⠗⠄-⠏⠳⠗⠄     ⠏⠅⠗⠄-⠏⠅⠗⠄

⠨⠄⠇⠳⠃⠱⠅     ⠨⠄⠇⠄⠃⠱⠅

⠨⠄⠇⠱⠳⠃⠱⠅

⠇⠛⠱

⠓⠇⠳-  ⠓⠇

⠃⠂⠴⠇    ⠃⠃⠴⠇

⠃⠃⠴⠇ (⠎⠊⠃⠇⠮⠝ ⠐⠗⠈⠗⠹⠍⠄)

⠽⠅⠓   ⠽⠳⠓

⠞⠱⠞⠻⠇

⠐⠗⠽⠝⠱⠽- ⠐⠗⠽⠝⠱⠜

⠝⠻⠈⠝⠝-  ⠝⠻⠈⠝⠙

⠃⠻⠝⠂   ⠃⠻⠝

⠚⠱⠳  ⠚⠱⠜

⠚⠱⠜(in different sense)-last word of sentence

⠡⠞ ⠏⠗ ⠂⠃⠻ ⠚⠱⠜

⠝⠄

⠨⠄⠇⠱⠳ (play) ⠨⠄⠇⠱⠜

⠩⠻⠅⠱⠜⠞- ⠩⠻⠅⠱⠽⠞

⠿⠏- ⠐⠻⠏

⠏⠐⠻- ⠏⠿

⠅⠝⠻⠳/ ⠅⠝⠻⠽⠄ ⠅⠝⠻⠒⠄

⠗⠱⠅⠎- ⠗⠱⠅⠩

⠓⠇⠳/ ⠓⠇⠽  ⠓⠇⠜

⠐⠗⠔⠗⠙⠱- ⠕⠗⠙⠱

⠃⠂⠴⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻ (different meaning- got understand)

⠃⠂⠴⠳⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻/ ⠃⠂⠴⠽⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻ (understood himself)

⠉⠇⠻- ⠉⠇

⠨⠮⠱⠜- ⠨⠮⠱⠽

⠍⠇⠝ ⠏⠱ड़⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓   ⠍⠇⠝ ⠏⠱⠗⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓

⠅⠅⠅- ⠅⠳⠅- ⠅⠜⠳⠅

⠇⠛

⠚⠗⠄⠝⠱⠜

⠚⠗⠌⠝⠱⠜-  ⠚⠗⠳⠝⠱⠜/⠚⠗⠽⠝⠱⠜

⠓⠇⠜⠞ 

ड़⠃⠄⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻/ ड़⠃⠌⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻

⠉⠻⠨⠅⠞- (to test)⠉⠻⠨⠜⠞

⠅⠗⠜⠽⠇(willing to do)  ⠅⠗⠅⠽⠇

⠚⠄⠅⠗⠱-  ⠚⠅⠗⠱

⠞⠅⠗⠱-  ⠞⠄⠅⠗⠱

⠃⠻⠙⠄⠎⠗ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝⠄⠍⠄/ ⠃⠻⠙⠄⠎⠗⠄ ⠈⠎⠹⠱⠝⠍⠄

⠅⠗⠃⠽⠇⠓⠂⠌/ ⠅⠗⠃⠳⠇⠓⠂⠌/⠅⠗⠃⠄⠇⠓⠂⠌

⠓⠱⠗⠻⠅ (⠔⠈⠉⠉⠱⠗⠼ ⠓⠱⠜⠗⠅)

⠌⠚⠝    ⠧⠚⠝

⠂⠮⠄ ⠘⠱⠛/ ⠂⠮-⠘⠱⠛⠄

⠏⠻⠉⠱/ ⠏⠻⠉⠱⠽/⠏⠻⠉⠱⠳

⠝⠒/ ⠝⠄

⠃⠈⠉⠉⠱ ⠝⠒ (⠝⠄) ⠏⠻⠉⠱ ⠚⠱⠽

⠞⠨⠝ ⠝⠄ (⠝⠒) ⠅⠓⠅⠞ ⠐⠗⠡⠻⠲

⠅⠞⠄⠅ ⠛⠇⠾⠄/ ⠅⠞⠱⠅ ⠛⠇⠾⠄

⠅⠍⠱⠜- ⠮⠍⠱⠜  ⠅⠍⠱⠊- ⠮⠍⠱⠊

⠇⠛

⠨⠄⠇⠱⠜ (for playing)

⠡⠹⠻⠈⠝⠓  ⠡⠹⠻⠝

⠓⠇⠜⠞  ⠓⠇⠜

⠈⠅⠽⠇   ⠅⠻⠽⠇

⠅⠄⠩ (hair)

⠅⠄⠎  (court-case)

⠃⠝⠝⠱⠜/ ⠃⠝⠝⠱⠽/ ⠃⠝⠝⠱⠳

⠚⠗⠄⠝⠱⠜

⠅⠂⠗⠎⠻  ⠅⠂⠈⠗⠎⠻

⠉⠗⠉⠱   ⠉⠈⠗⠉⠱

⠅⠈⠗⠍     ⠅⠗⠍

⠫⠂⠃⠱⠃⠽/ ⠫⠂⠍⠱⠃⠽

⠳⠨⠂⠝⠅⠱/ ⠐⠗⠨⠂⠝⠅⠱

⠇⠽ (⠧⠱⠈⠅⠽⠅ ⠐⠗⠞⠻⠍ ⠩⠈⠃⠙)-

⠅⠳⠇⠅   ⠅⠄⠇⠅

⠛⠗⠍⠻    ⠛⠈⠗⠍⠻

⠃⠗⠙⠻      ⠧⠈⠗⠙⠻

⠎⠂⠝⠱ ⠛⠄⠇⠱⠓  ⠎⠂⠝⠱/⠎⠂⠝⠱⠁

⠳⠝⠱⠜-⠛⠄⠝⠱⠜

⠞⠄⠝⠱⠝⠄ ⠣⠄⠗⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻

⠝⠒

⠫⠗⠇   ⠗⠇

⠅⠞⠓⠂-  ⠅⠓⠻⠊

⠔⠍⠗⠻⠛⠗- ⠔⠍⠗⠛⠗

⠘⠗⠻⠛⠗

⠮⠇⠇/⠮⠇⠐⠗⠇ ⠮⠇⠳⠇

⠛⠏/⠛⠈⠏⠏

⠅⠄  ⠅⠄

⠙⠗⠃⠈⠚⠚⠱/ ⠙⠗⠃⠚⠱

⠺⠱⠍

⠮⠗⠻  ⠞⠅

⠣⠃⠗⠻   ⠇⠉⠾⠻

⠹⠇⠗⠃⠄⠅

⠃⠈⠫⠫

⠞⠇⠌/ ⠞⠃⠌

⠞⠇⠌⠓⠻( ⠏⠈⠙⠽⠍⠄ ⠈⠛⠗⠱⠈⠓⠽)

⠞⠇⠌⠓⠻/⠞⠇⠌⠓⠻

⠅⠗⠃⠱⠜⠳   ⠅⠗⠃⠱⠜⠽⠄

⠳⠅⠄⠾⠱

⠅⠗⠻⠞⠹⠻   ⠅⠗⠞⠹⠻

⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉⠻  ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉

⠗⠱⠨⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻  ⠗⠨⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻

⠇⠛⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻  ⠇⠱⠛⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻

⠎⠂⠝⠻ (⠔⠈⠉⠉⠱⠗⠼ ⠎⠂⠜⠝)

⠐⠗⠡⠻ (⠔⠈⠉⠉⠱⠗⠼ ⠐⠗⠜⠡)

⠳⠇⠹⠻  ⠛⠄⠇⠹⠻

⠃⠻⠞⠌⠝⠄   ⠃⠻⠞⠄⠝⠄

⠅⠗⠃⠌⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻/ ⠅⠗⠄⠇⠨⠻⠈⠝⠓

⠅⠗⠳⠇⠈⠝⠓⠻

⠂⠅⠻   ⠅⠻

⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉⠻ ⠏⠓⠂⠌⠉

⠚⠗⠱⠽/ ⠚⠗⠱⠳  ⠚⠗⠱ (⠂⠛⠻ ⠇⠛⠱)

⠎⠄  ⠎⠄

⠓⠱⠌ ⠍⠄ ⠓⠱⠌   (⠓⠱⠌⠍⠄ ⠓⠱⠌ ⠧⠻⠘⠈⠅⠈⠞⠞⠻⠍⠄ ⠓⠾⠱ ⠅⠳)

⠖⠄⠇ ⠖⠅⠇

⠖⠜⠇(spacious)   ⠖⠅⠇

⠓⠇⠽⠞⠈⠝⠓⠻/ ⠓⠇⠳⠞⠈⠝⠓⠻  ⠓⠄⠞⠈⠝⠓⠻

⠓⠱⠹ ⠍⠾⠻⠂⠽⠃/ ⠓⠱⠹ ⠍⠾⠻⠽⠱⠃⠽

⠖⠄⠅⠱  ⠖⠄⠊⠅⠱

⠙⠄⠨⠱⠳  ⠙⠄⠨⠱

⠙⠄⠨⠱⠽   ⠙⠄⠨⠱

⠎⠈⠞⠞⠗⠻   ⠎⠈⠞⠞⠗

⠎⠱⠓⠄⠃    ⠎⠱⠓⠃

 

 

१६. VIDEHA FOR NON RESIDENT MAITHILS

 VIDEHA MITHILA TIRBHUKTI TIRHUT---

 

Uruvela Kassapa is said to have been, in a previous birth,, a king of Videha.

Mahavira  spent no less than six rainy seasons at Mithila. Buddha did not spent any rainy season  in Videha.

Ajlvika, Guna Kassapa , views like Maskarin Gosala lived in a deer park adjoining Mithila.

Videha had a long tradition of Brahmanical learning. Upanishadic philosophy and expensive sacrifices.

The conquest of Videha by Magadha was accomplished by Mahapadma Nanda, the founder of the Nanda dynasty, which possessed immense wealth and a huge army capable of frightening a formidable foreign invader like Alexander the Great (356 B.c.- 323 B.c.) in the reign of his son.s.

 

TIRABHUKTI CIRCA 347 B.C.-A.D. 319

Videha under the Magadhan empire was successively ruled by kings of three dynasties,  the Nandas (347 b.c.-325 b.c.), the Mauryas (325 b.c.-188 b.c.) and the early Sungas (188 B.C.¬circa 120 b.c.). The Maithila king (i.e., the king of Mithila) had been defeated. By Nandas . Kautilya mentions a word Vaidehaka. `trader' or `merchant ,`product of a Vaishya male and a Brahmana female'. Panini  knows the Vrijis only. By the time of Kautilya (last quarter of the fourth century B.c) there was a partition between the Lichchhavis Vrijis .

Pushyamitra Sunga (188 b.c.-152 b.c.), his contemporary the great grammarian Patanjali mentions Videha in his Mahahhashya .

 

Agnimitra, the son and successor of Pushyamitra, continu¬ed to rule over North Bihar including Videha, the discovery of a terracotta sealing (in grey colour, circu¬lar in area) in the Garh area of Basarh . Vaisali became indepen¬dent under the resurgent Lichchhavis; and soon  they freed Videha too and governed it for themselves till the second Magadhan empire (Guptas).

 

(c) २००८ ⠎⠈⠗⠧⠱⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠎⠂⠗⠈⠅⠯⠻⠞⠲ ⠧⠻⠙⠄⠓⠍⠄ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠻⠞ ⠎⠘⠾⠱ ⠗⠉⠝⠱ ' ⠂⠈⠗⠅⠱⠜⠧⠅/⠐⠗⠊⠈⠛⠗⠄⠚⠻-⠎⠊⠈⠎⠅⠍⠞ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠱⠙⠅ ⠎⠈⠗⠧⠱⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅⠱⠗ ' ⠎⠊⠈⠛⠗⠓⠅⠈⠗⠈⠞⠞⠱⠅ ⠇⠛⠍⠄ ⠡⠈⠝⠓⠻⠲ ⠗⠉⠝⠱⠅ ⠐⠗⠝⠂⠧⠱⠙ ' ⠏⠂⠝⠠ ⠈⠏⠗⠅⠱⠩⠝ ⠅⠻⠊⠧⠱ ⠂⠈⠗⠅⠱⠜⠧⠅ ⠔⠏⠽⠇⠛⠅ ⠐⠗⠮⠻⠅⠱⠗ ⠅⠻⠝⠃⠱⠅ ⠓⠄⠞⠂ ggajendra@videha.co.in ⠏⠗ ⠎⠊⠏⠈⠗⠅ ⠅⠗⠃⠲ ⠳⠓⠻ ⠎⠱⠜⠾⠅⠄⠌ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠞⠻ ⠴⠱ ⠺⠱⠅⠂⠗, ⠍⠮⠃⠇⠻⠅⠱ ⠉⠉⠮⠗⠻ ' ⠗⠈⠩⠍⠻ ⠈⠏⠗⠻⠽⠱ ⠈⠙⠧⠱⠗⠱ ⠫⠻⠚⠱⠜⠝ ⠅⠳⠇ ⠛⠄⠇⠲

                                                ⠎⠻⠈⠙⠮⠻⠗⠈⠎⠞⠂

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